Team:Colorado State

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<h1>Our Gluten-Free Mission</h1>
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<p>If you have Celiac Disease or are Gluten-Intolerant (and are over 21), stop what you are doing right now. Your prayers for a great tasting gluten-free beer have finally been answered, or at least are in the process of being answered. Think of it as a delay in the mailroom. All of those nights when your friends were taunting you with the ice cold, delicious, golden liquid that gives courage to even the most faint of heart are quickly coming to an end. Your desire to enjoy a "cold one" without having a gut-wrenching reaction should be fullfilled by the end of the summer. The CSU iGEM team is working on producing a "gluten-free" beer that can be brewed from wheat or barley so you can savor that same great taste you know and love. So cross your fingers, bust out your lucky rabbits foot, and watch out for black cats because we are gearing up for something big, and it has never been done before.</p>
 
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<h1>More Than a Great Beer</h1>
 
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<p>A gluten-free beer isn't the only thing we are working on. We are also designing primers for New Belgium Brewery, developing a novel gluten-detecting assay, and creating a computer-modeled simulation for the breakdown of gluten in beer. All of these various components have us teaming up with some of the best in the business, so don't forget to visit our sponsor and attribution pages.</p>
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
 +
 
 +
#box2{
 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
 
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
#bluebox .imgbox{
 +
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 +
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 +
background: #5BB5E8;
 +
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 +
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 +
.bblank{
 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
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 +
left: -320px;
 +
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 +
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 +
#bluebox .iconcontainer{
 +
position: relative;
 +
margin-top: 4px;
 +
left: -999em;
 +
z-index: 0;
 +
}
 +
a.bbox1 div{
 +
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 +
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 +
a.bbox2 div{
 +
background: #2580B3;
 +
}
 +
a.bbox3 div{
 +
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 +
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 +
a.bbox4 div{
 +
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 +
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 +
a.bbox5 div{
 +
background: #50A2D0;
 +
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 +
a.bbox6 div{
 +
background: #5BB5E8;
 +
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 +
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 +
#bluebox div:hover, #bluebox .iconbox:hover div{
 +
background: #7DD7FF;
 +
z-index: 99; /*hovers are not overridden by FRED boxes*/
 +
}
 +
#bluebox:hover .bblank, .bblank:hover{
 +
display: none;
 +
}
 +
#bluebox:hover .iconcontainer{
 +
left: -212px;
 +
background: transparent;
 +
}
 +
 +
#boxinfo{
 +
float: right;
 +
position: relative;
 +
width: 320px;
 +
left: 3px;
 +
background: #555555;
 +
height: 650px;
 +
margin-bottom: 12px;
 +
}
 +
#boxinfo h2{
 +
color: white;
 +
padding: 20px 20px 0px;
 +
}
 +
#boxinfo p{
 +
color: white;
 +
padding: 10px 20px 20px;
 +
font-size: 1.2em;
 +
}
 +
/*initial boxinfo appearance settings*/
 +
#boxinfo div.orangebox, #boxinfo div.obox1, #boxinfo div.obox2, #boxinfo div.obox3, #boxinfo div.obox4, #boxinfo div.obox5, #boxinfo div.obox6{
 +
display: none;
 +
}
 +
#boxinfo div.greenbox, #boxinfo div.gbox1, #boxinfo div.gbox2, #boxinfo div.gbox3, #boxinfo div.gbox4,
 +
#boxinfo div.bluebox, #boxinfo div.bbox1, #boxinfo div.bbox2, #boxinfo div.bbox3, #boxinfo div.bbox4, #boxinfo div.bbox5{
 +
position: relative;
 +
padding-top: 320px;
 +
display: none;
 +
}
 +
/*bold colours for FRED and OSCAR*/
 +
#boxinfo div.greenbox b{
 +
color: #72E85B;
 +
}
 +
#boxinfo div.bluebox b{
 +
color: #5EB7F0;
 +
}
 +
.threeboxes{
 +
clear: both;
 +
position: relative;
 +
width: 968px;
 +
margin-bottom: 12px;
 +
}
 +
.threeboxes a, .threeboxes a div{
 +
width: 320px;
 +
height: 155px;
 +
float: left;
 +
margin-bottom: 12px;
 +
}
 +
.threeboxes div h2{
 +
padding: 20px 20px 0px;
 +
position: relative;
 +
top: -155px;
 +
}
 +
.threeboxes div p{
 +
padding: 0px 20px;
 +
position: relative;
 +
top: -155px;
 +
}
 +
#greybox1, #greybox6{
 +
margin-right: 4px;
 +
background: #58CD45;
 +
}
 +
#greybox1:hover, #greybox6:hover{
 +
background: #94FF7D;
 +
}
 +
#greybox2, #greybox5{
 +
margin-right: 4px;
 +
background: #5BB5E8;
 +
}
 +
#greybox2:hover, #greybox5:hover{
 +
background: #7DD7FF;
 +
}
 +
#greybox3, #greybox4{
 +
margin: 0;
 +
background: #F6A82D;
 +
}
 +
#greybox3:hover, #greybox4:hover{
 +
background: #FFE44F;
 +
}
 +
 +
#sponsorsbox{
 +
clear: both;
 +
position: relative;
 +
width: 968px;
 +
margin: 4px 0px;
 +
background: #EEEEEE;
 +
}
 +
#sponsorsbox h2{
 +
padding: 20px 20px 0px 20px;
 +
}
 +
#sponsorsbox p{
 +
padding: 0px 20px;
 +
}
 +
#sponsorsbox table{
 +
width: 950px;
 +
margin-left: auto;
 +
margin-right: auto;
 +
background: #EEEEEE;
 +
}
 +
#sponsorsbox td{
 +
padding: 15px 0px;
 +
width: 300px;
 +
}
 +
#sponsorsbox img{
 +
display: block;
 +
margin-right: auto;
 +
margin-left: auto;
 +
}
 +
 
 +
</style>
 +
 
 +
<script>
 +
jQuery(document).ready(function($){
 +
 
 +
//eliminate jsnotice
 +
$('#jsnotice').hide();
 +
 
 +
 +
/*epic box info functionality*/
 +
//small icons
 +
$('#boximgcontainer .iconbox').hover(
 +
function(){
 +
var className = $(this).attr('class').split(" ");
 +
var box = className[0];
 +
clearinfo();
 +
$('#boxinfo div.' + box).show();
 +
},
 +
function(){
 +
clearinfo();
 +
$('#boxinfo_default').show();
 +
});
 +
//large icons
 +
$('.imgbox').hover(
 +
function(){
 +
var id = $(this).parent().parent().attr('id');
 +
clearinfo();
 +
$('#boxinfo div.' + id).show();
 +
},
 +
function(){
 +
clearinfo();
 +
$('#boxinfo_default').show();
 +
});
 +
 +
/*epic box FRED/OSCAR blank box disappearance*/
 +
$('#bluebox').hover(
 +
function(){
 +
$('.gblank').hide();
 +
$('.bblank').hide();
 +
},
 +
function(){
 +
$('.gblank').show();
 +
$('.bblank').show();
 +
});
 +
 +
$('#greenbox').hover(
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 +
$('.gblank').hide();
 +
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 +
},
 +
function(){
 +
$('.gblank').show();
 +
$('.bblank').show();
 +
});
 +
 +
});
 +
 
 +
function clearinfo(){
 +
$('#boxinfo div').hide();
 +
}
 +
</script>
 +
</head>
 +
 
 +
<body>
 +
 
 +
<div id="box1" align="justify">
 +
<a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/Post-Regionals" id="FredOscarFlag">
 +
 +
</a>
 +
<h2>Detect and Destroy: Building FRED and OSCAR</h2>
 +
<p><b>Tailings ponds</b> are large bodies of water containing <b>toxic compounds</b> that accumulate as a byproduct of the oil extraction process in the oil sands of northern Alberta. These toxic and corrosive compounds are a potential <b>environmental and economic concern</b> to Alberta and to other areas. The University of Calgary 2012 iGEM team aims to develop a collection of toxin-sensing and degrading organisms <b>to detect and destroy (bioremediate) the toxins</b>, turning them into useable <b>hydrocarbons</b>.</p>
 +
<p><b>FRED and OSCAR</b> are the two projects we are working on this year. Take a look at the descriptions below to learn more!</p>
 +
 
 +
</div>
 +
 
 +
<div class="threeboxes">
 +
<a id="greybox4" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KHhswxo6xow" style="margin-right:4px;">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/0/02/UCalgary2012_ThreeBoxMusic.png"></img>
 +
<h2>iGEM Style!</h2>
 +
<p>Take a look at our music video--sung and produced by our very own members--that's taking the iGEM world by storm! </p>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a id="greybox5" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/Synergy">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/2/20/UCalgary2012_ThreeBoxSynergy.png"></img>
 +
<h2>Synergy</h2>
 +
<p>We have lots of new data since Regionals! Click here to see how we brought the three aspects of our project together!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a id="greybox6" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vluDpf4ao6c" style="margin:0;">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/b/b1/UCalgary2012_ThreeBoxFilm.png"></img>
 +
<h2>Intro Video</h2>
 +
<p>Click here to see the introductory video we played at the beginning of our Jamboree presentations!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
 +
</div>
 +
 
 +
<!--ZE EPIC BOX-->
 +
<div id="epicbox">
 +
<div id="boximgcontainer">
 +
<div id="orangebox">
 +
<a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/HumanPractices">
 +
<div class="imgbox">
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/9/9e/UCalgary2012_EpicBoxHP_-_Blank.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
 +
<div class="oblank">
 +
</div>
 +
 +
<div class="iconcontainer">
 +
<a class="obox1 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/HumanPractices/Collaborations">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/1/1b/UCalgary2012_IconHP8.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="obox2 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/HumanPractices/Interviews">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/d/d6/UCalgary2012_IconHP3.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="obox3 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/HumanPractices/Design">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/1/1c/UCalgary2012_IconHP4.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="obox4 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/HumanPractices/Killswitch">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/6/65/UCalgary2012_IconHP2.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="obox5 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Safety">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/c/c9/UCalgary2012_IconHP5.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="obox6 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Outreach">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/0/0e/UCalgary2012_IconHP6.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
</div>
 +
 
 +
 +
</a>
 +
</div>
 +
 +
<div id="greenbox">
 +
<a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/FRED">
 +
<div class="imgbox">
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/4/47/UCalgary2012_EpicBoxFRED_-_Blank.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
 +
<div class="gblank">
 +
</div>
 +
 +
<div class="iconcontainer">
 +
<a class="gbox1 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/FRED/Detecting">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/0/0a/UCalgary2012_IconFRED1.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="gbox2 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/FRED/Reporting">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/8/8d/UCalgary2012_IconFRED2.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="gbox3 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/FRED/Modelling">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/c/c0/UCalgary2012_IconFRED3.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="gbox4 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/FRED/Prototype">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/a/a7/UCalgary2012_IconFRED4.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
</div>
 +
 +
<div id="bluebox">
 +
<a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/OSCAR">
 +
<div class="imgbox">
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/9/94/UCalgary2012_EpicBoxOSCAR_-_Blank.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
 +
<div class="bblank">
 +
</div>
 +
 +
<div class="iconcontainer">
 +
<a class="bbox1 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/OSCAR/Decarboxylation">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/f/f1/UCalgary2012_IconOSCAR1.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="bbox2 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/OSCAR/CatecholDegradation">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/0/0c/UCalgary2012_IconOSCAR4.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="bbox3 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/OSCAR/FluxAnalysis">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/4/40/UCalgary2012_IconOSCAR6.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="bbox4 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/OSCAR/Bioreactor">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/3/3e/UCalgary2012_IconOSCAR5.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a class="bbox5 iconbox" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/OSCAR/Upgrading">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/4/44/UCalgary2012_IconOSCAR7.png"></img>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
</div>
 +
</div>
 +
<div id="boxinfo">
 +
<div id="boxinfo_default">
 +
<h2>The Concept</h2>
 +
<p>Our project consists of three major components: FRED, OSCAR, and the overarching Human Practices considerations informing their design. Click on the boxes to your left to learn more about what iGEM Calgary has done so far!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="orangebox">
 +
<h2>Human Practices</h2>
 +
<p>Great consideration was put into our Human Practices component this year, as safety was the guiding principle behind the design of FRED and OSCAR.  iGEM Calgary has undertaken many human outreach initiatives this year. Roll over the boxes to see each of them!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="obox1">
 +
<h2>Initiative</h2>
 +
<p>We took the initiative with the oil sands industry and established a dialogue between industry experts, academics, and government representatives. Through these talks a roadmap for the use of synthetic biology in the oil sands was established, focusing on biosensing and bioremediation.</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="obox2">
 +
<h2>Interviews</h2>
 +
<p>As an undergraduate team, we spoke with experts in various fields, including the oil industry, tailings pond management, biotechnology, law, and politics to gather various opinions on our project. How useful is synthetic biology in a tailings pond environment? What design considerations should we include in our project to improve security? What legal policies must we consider before implementing our project?</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="obox3">
 +
<h2>Design Considerations</h2>
 +
<p>Since safety is the driving force behind our project, we need to ensure the physical design of our biosensor and bioreactor would contain and manage the bacteria to minimize the possibility of their escape. We needed to build devices that would ensure the safety of both the user and the outside environment during their use. Click here to learn more!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="obox4">
 +
<h2>Killswitch</h2>
 +
<p>Both FRED and OSCAR are designed to operate within enclosed environments. However, since safety is our highest priority, we decided to design and implement a killswitch in both FRED and OSCAR as an extra layer of security. The killswitch aims to destroy the genome using two powerful non-specific nucleases in the unlikely event that bacteria escape into the environment. Click here to learn more!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="obox5">
 +
<h2>Safety</h2>
 +
<p>Click here for our safety page! Here we detail all the safety procedures, certifications, and approvals we have from our University to allow us to work this summer.</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="obox6">
 +
<h2>Community Outreach</h2>
 +
<p>iGEM Calgary partnered with a number of different associations to engage the general public about science and synthetic biology. Click here to see what we've done this summer!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="greenbox">
 +
<h2>FRED</h2>
 +
<p>FRED is our <b>F</b>unctional, <b>R</b>obust <b>E</b>lectrochemical <b>D</b>etector. FRED is responsible for detecting and measuring naphthenic acids (NAs) and is able to produce an electrochemical signal that can be measured. FRED can be used to measure toxins in tailings pond samples within minutes, without having to ship them to an off-site lab for testing. Click on FRED to learn more!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="gbox1">
 +
<h2>Detecting</h2>
 +
<p>FRED is our star detective, working around the clock to detect toxins roaming freely in tailings pond water. FRED is known for being a little unorthodox in his methods namely by using a measurable electrochemical signal rather than colored or fluorescent reporters. Using his transposon library FRED gets clues about the genetic elements that will activate in the presence of toxins. </p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="gbox2">
 +
<h2>Reporting</h2>
 +
<p>Once FRED finds the toxins he wastes no time exposing them. Building upon last year's single output electrochemical system FRED now uses the new triple output system to report the toxins. This novel approach to electrochemical reporting means that FRED is as good as he is fast. </p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="gbox3">
 +
<h2>Modelling</h2>
 +
<p>Aside from being a stellar detective FRED also dabbles in the art of mathematics and modelling. These skills are used to model the behavior of the system. The results from the modelling helped guide the wet lab experiments which in turn gave new data to refine the model.</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="gbox4">
 +
<h2>Prototyping</h2>
 +
<p>FRED gets a lot of information so he stays on top of things with the help of his handy dandy physical device to test the sample and software to interpret the raw data. The device has been <b>prototyped</b> and has an accompanying software platform that works with FRED to detect the toxins. </p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="bluebox">
 +
<h2>OSCAR</h2>
 +
<p>OSCAR is our <b>O</b>ptimized <b>S</b>ystem for <b>C</b>arboxylic <b>A</b>cid <b>R</b>emediation. OSCAR is responsible for converting toxins such as catechol and naphthenic acids into hydrocarbons. OSCAR is also capable of removing nitrogen and sulfur groups to further purify the hydrocarbons produced. Click on OSCAR to learn more!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="bbox1">
 +
<h2>Decarboxylation</h2>
 +
<p>In order to convert tailings pond toxins fully into hydrocarbons, we need to remove carboxylic acid groups. We are using the PetroBrick, from the University of Washington's 2011 iGEM team, to cleave off carboxylic acids to produce hydrocarbons. Click here to learn more!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="bbox2">
 +
<h2>Catechol Degradation</h2>
 +
<p>Catechol is a common toxic compound found in tailings ponds. We looked into giving OSCAR the ability to degrade catechol, which would also cleave ring structures of toxins.</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="bbox3">
 +
<h2>Flux-Variability Analysis</h2>
 +
<p>We wanted to optimize OSCAR's output of hydrocarbons, so we computationally modelled how we can add particular metabolites to the growth media to increase hydrocarbon output. Click here to see what we found out!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="bbox4">
 +
<h2>Bioreactor</h2>
 +
<p>OSCAR needed a home, so we developed an enclosed bioreactor system where toxins can be converted into hydrocarbons for output. Click here to see how we designed the bioreactor!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
<div class="bbox5">
 +
<h2>Upgrading</h2>
 +
<p>Nitrogen and sulfur heteroatoms can produce nasty airborne pollutants when burned, cause acid rain and acid deposition, and can damage valuable catalysis mechanisms involved in fuel processing and emissions control. OSCAR can remove these atoms trapped in the rings. Click here to see how!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
</div>
 +
</div>
 +
 
 +
<div class="threeboxes">
 +
<a id="greybox1" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Team">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/b/b8/UCalgary2012_ThreeBoxTeam.png"></img>
 +
<h2>Team</h2>
 +
<p>Who are we? What did we do? Where is this Calgary place, anyway? Click here to read our team profiles!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a id="greybox2" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Project/DataPage">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/9/92/UCalgary2012_ThreeBoxData.png"></img>
 +
<h2>Data Page</h2>
 +
<p>Click here to see a summary of all our data collected so far! Details on FRED and OSCAR can be found above.</p>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
<a id="greybox3" href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:Calgary/Notebook">
 +
<div>
 +
<img src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/1/1b/UCalgary2012_ThreeBoxNotebook.png"></img>
 +
<h2>Notebook</h2>
 +
<p>Here is a record of our summer's work. We also want to thank everybody who helped us along the way!</p>
 +
</div>
 +
</a>
 +
</div>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
<div id="sponsorsbox">
 +
<h2>Thanks to Our Sponsors!</h2>
 +
<table>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.ucalgary.ca/bhsc/node/16" target="_blank"><img style="width: 284px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/d/d6/UCalgary2012_Logo_O%27Brien_Centre.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.ucalgary.ca" target="_blank"><img style="width: 166px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/4/46/UCalgary2012_Logo_U_of_C_Vertical.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.albertatechfutures.ca" target="_blank"><img style="width: 234px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/7/7f/UCalgary2012_Logo_AITF.png"></img></a></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
</table>
 +
<table>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td><a href="http://bio.ucalgary.ca/" target="_blank"><img style="width: 290px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/4/45/UCalgary2012_BioSci_Logo.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://enel.ucalgary.ca/" target="_blank"><img style="width: 290px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/9/9c/UCalgary2012_Schulich_Electric_Computer_Logo.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.ucalgary.ca/bme/about/CBRE" target="_blank"><img style="width: 220px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/5/56/UCalgary2012_CBREhz_Cropped.jpg"></img></a></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
</table>
 +
<table>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.osli.ca" target="_blank"><img style="width: 891px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/9/98/UCalgary2012_Logo_OSLI.png"></img></a></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
</table>
 +
<table>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.osrin.ualberta.ca" target="_blank"><img style="width: 204px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/0/04/UCalgary2012_OSRIN.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.mhc.ab.ca/" target="_blank"><img style="width: 250px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/7/78/UCalgary2011_Medicine_Hat_College_Logo.png"></img></a></td>
 +
 
 +
<td><a href="http://www.eurofinsdna.com" target="_blank"><img style="width: 290px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/a/a4/UCalgary2012_Logo_Eurofins.png"></img></a></td>
 +
 
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.autodesk.com" target="_blank"><img style="width: 274px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/0/0b/UCalgary2012-Autodesk-Logo.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.hyperionlab.ca/" target="_blank"><img style="width: 250px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/8/89/UCalgary2012_Hyperion_Research_Logo.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.idtdna.com/site" target="_blank"><img style="width: 228px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/1/15/UCalgary2012_Logo_IDT.png"></img></a></img></a></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.sarstedt.com/php/main.php" target="_blank"><img style="width: 274px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/f/f6/UCalgary2012_Logo_Sarstedt.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.teamlab.com" target="_blank"><img style="width: 160px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/b/be/UCalgary2012_Logo_TeamLab.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.vwr.com" target="_blank"><img style="width: 279px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/1/11/UCalgary2012_Logo_VWR.png"></img></a></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<table><tr>
 +
<td><a href="http://genomealberta.ca" target="_blank"><img style="width: 203px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/6/68/UCalgary2012_Logo_Genome_Alberta.png"></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.neb.com/nebecomm/default.asp" target="_blank"><img style="width: 281px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/2/24/UCalgary2012_Logo_NEB.png"></img></a></td>
 +
<td><a href="http://www.sparkscience.ca" target="_blank"><img style="width: 261px;" src="http://2012.igem.org/wiki/images/6/6f/UCalgary2012_Logo_Telus_Spark.png"></img></a></td>
 +
 
 +
</tr></table>
 +
</tr>
 +
</table>
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<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> Team:Calgary - 2012.igem.org

Team:Calgary

From 2012.igem.org

Detect and Destroy: Building FRED and OSCAR

Tailings ponds are large bodies of water containing toxic compounds that accumulate as a byproduct of the oil extraction process in the oil sands of northern Alberta. These toxic and corrosive compounds are a potential environmental and economic concern to Alberta and to other areas. The University of Calgary 2012 iGEM team aims to develop a collection of toxin-sensing and degrading organisms to detect and destroy (bioremediate) the toxins, turning them into useable hydrocarbons.

FRED and OSCAR are the two projects we are working on this year. Take a look at the descriptions below to learn more!

The Concept

Our project consists of three major components: FRED, OSCAR, and the overarching Human Practices considerations informing their design. Click on the boxes to your left to learn more about what iGEM Calgary has done so far!

Human Practices

Great consideration was put into our Human Practices component this year, as safety was the guiding principle behind the design of FRED and OSCAR. iGEM Calgary has undertaken many human outreach initiatives this year. Roll over the boxes to see each of them!

Initiative

We took the initiative with the oil sands industry and established a dialogue between industry experts, academics, and government representatives. Through these talks a roadmap for the use of synthetic biology in the oil sands was established, focusing on biosensing and bioremediation.

Interviews

As an undergraduate team, we spoke with experts in various fields, including the oil industry, tailings pond management, biotechnology, law, and politics to gather various opinions on our project. How useful is synthetic biology in a tailings pond environment? What design considerations should we include in our project to improve security? What legal policies must we consider before implementing our project?

Design Considerations

Since safety is the driving force behind our project, we need to ensure the physical design of our biosensor and bioreactor would contain and manage the bacteria to minimize the possibility of their escape. We needed to build devices that would ensure the safety of both the user and the outside environment during their use. Click here to learn more!

Killswitch

Both FRED and OSCAR are designed to operate within enclosed environments. However, since safety is our highest priority, we decided to design and implement a killswitch in both FRED and OSCAR as an extra layer of security. The killswitch aims to destroy the genome using two powerful non-specific nucleases in the unlikely event that bacteria escape into the environment. Click here to learn more!

Safety

Click here for our safety page! Here we detail all the safety procedures, certifications, and approvals we have from our University to allow us to work this summer.

Community Outreach

iGEM Calgary partnered with a number of different associations to engage the general public about science and synthetic biology. Click here to see what we've done this summer!

FRED

FRED is our Functional, Robust Electrochemical Detector. FRED is responsible for detecting and measuring naphthenic acids (NAs) and is able to produce an electrochemical signal that can be measured. FRED can be used to measure toxins in tailings pond samples within minutes, without having to ship them to an off-site lab for testing. Click on FRED to learn more!

Detecting

FRED is our star detective, working around the clock to detect toxins roaming freely in tailings pond water. FRED is known for being a little unorthodox in his methods namely by using a measurable electrochemical signal rather than colored or fluorescent reporters. Using his transposon library FRED gets clues about the genetic elements that will activate in the presence of toxins.

Reporting

Once FRED finds the toxins he wastes no time exposing them. Building upon last year's single output electrochemical system FRED now uses the new triple output system to report the toxins. This novel approach to electrochemical reporting means that FRED is as good as he is fast.

Modelling

Aside from being a stellar detective FRED also dabbles in the art of mathematics and modelling. These skills are used to model the behavior of the system. The results from the modelling helped guide the wet lab experiments which in turn gave new data to refine the model.

Prototyping

FRED gets a lot of information so he stays on top of things with the help of his handy dandy physical device to test the sample and software to interpret the raw data. The device has been prototyped and has an accompanying software platform that works with FRED to detect the toxins.

OSCAR

OSCAR is our Optimized System for Carboxylic Acid Remediation. OSCAR is responsible for converting toxins such as catechol and naphthenic acids into hydrocarbons. OSCAR is also capable of removing nitrogen and sulfur groups to further purify the hydrocarbons produced. Click on OSCAR to learn more!

Decarboxylation

In order to convert tailings pond toxins fully into hydrocarbons, we need to remove carboxylic acid groups. We are using the PetroBrick, from the University of Washington's 2011 iGEM team, to cleave off carboxylic acids to produce hydrocarbons. Click here to learn more!

Catechol Degradation

Catechol is a common toxic compound found in tailings ponds. We looked into giving OSCAR the ability to degrade catechol, which would also cleave ring structures of toxins.

Flux-Variability Analysis

We wanted to optimize OSCAR's output of hydrocarbons, so we computationally modelled how we can add particular metabolites to the growth media to increase hydrocarbon output. Click here to see what we found out!

Bioreactor

OSCAR needed a home, so we developed an enclosed bioreactor system where toxins can be converted into hydrocarbons for output. Click here to see how we designed the bioreactor!

Upgrading

Nitrogen and sulfur heteroatoms can produce nasty airborne pollutants when burned, cause acid rain and acid deposition, and can damage valuable catalysis mechanisms involved in fuel processing and emissions control. OSCAR can remove these atoms trapped in the rings. Click here to see how!

Thanks to Our Sponsors!