Team:NTNU Trondheim/Protocols


Bacterial Anti-Cancer-Kamikaze

Protocols A list of recipes and laboratory procedures used by the team


Laboratory procedures


Official iGEM transformation protocol:

We use this protocol with the following modifications:

The cells used are Subcloning Efficiency™ DH5α™ Competent Cells from Life Technologies/Invitrogen

Inoculation after transformation

Using a sterile toothpick, pick/scratch a single colony from the transformants. Drop the toothpick into a plastic tube with 3 mL sterile liquid medium with the appropriate antibiotic(s). Close the tube but leave the cap slightly open to allow oxygen to enter, and incuate at 37 C with shaking.

DNA Isolation

We use the Promega Wizard Plus SV Minipreps DNA Purification System A1460 with the sentrifugation version of the protocol supplied by the vendor.

DNA Concentration measurements

Concentrations of DNA after isolation was measured with the NanoDrop ND-1000 Spectrophotometer.

Restriction digest

We are using the single reaction protocol from : [1]


Ligation protocol from [2]:

Remember to do religation of backbone!!!!!!!!

Linearized plasmids

Official iGEM protocol

Gel electrophoresis

Agarose with Gel Green is used when molding the gel. Choose an appropriate ladder as a referance to size of the fragments and put 2 µl of ladder in wells on either side of the samples. When applying the samples, add 20% loading dye to the sample. For instance, if the initial sample is 10 µl, add 2 µl loading dye. Apply the samples to individual wells in the gel.

Let the gel run for 45 min at 90 V, and if the bands are poorly separated, run a little longer. Beware that if the gel runs for a very long time, the smaller bands may move out of the gel.

Gel purification

We are using the QIAquick Gel Extraction kit, following the protocol from [3]

Preparation of samples for RNA isolation

RNA isolation

(RNAquenous kit from Ambion)

DNAse reaction

cDNA reaction

OD measurements

Unless otherwise noted, all OD measurements are made at 600 nm with a PerkinElmer Lambda 35 spectrometer, with un-inoculated medium as reference.

Fluorescence measurements

Fluorescence were measured with a Tecan Infinite M200 Pro microplate reader using Nunclon flat bottom black polystyrol 96 well plates.


Growth media

LB-medium (LB-Lennox):


Ampicillin stock solutions: 100 mg/mL dissolved in MQ water
Kanamycin stock solutions: 100 mg/mL dissolved in MQ water
Chloramphenicol: 34 mg/mL dissolved in 100% ethanol

Store at -20 C after preparation and between use.

Ampicillin media concentration: 100 ug/mL = 1 mL stock solution/L medium
Kanamycin media concentration: 100 ug/mL = 1 mL stock solution/L medium Chloramphenicol media concentration: 24 ug/mL = 0.7 mL stock solution/L medium

When transforming low copy number plasmids, it may be necessary to reduce the antibiotic to allow for the reduced antibiotic resistance of the tranformant.

Glycerol stocks

Prepare a solution of 60 % glycerol in water. Add 400 uL glycerol solution and 800 uL of the culture to be stored in a cryogenic tube. Place in 5 C refrigerator for 30 min, then move to -80 C freezer.


Batter is prepared following the protocol by Kakemonsen (1). Sliced pieces of Malus domestica is inserted into the batter, while sucrose and ground Cinnamomum verum bark is mixed 2:1 by volume and distributed evenly on top of the batter, which is placed in a 26 cm diameter open-top vessel. The mixture is incubated in a dry air oven at ~180 C for 45 min.

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