Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/algorithm.3

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{{tempalte:sustc_shenzhen_b/1}}
 
<html>
<html>
<head>
<head>
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<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
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<meta charset="utf-8" />
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<title>SUSTC iGEM Theme - Free CSS Template</title>
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<meta name="description" content="" />
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<meta name="keywords" content="beauty class, free theme, website design, bokehs, pink, orange, templatemo, CSS, HTML" />
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<meta name="author" content="tengattack" />
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<meta name="description" content="Beauty Class Theme, pinky background gradient with bokehs, free CSS template provided by templatemo.com" />
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<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
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<title>Title</title>
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<style type="text/css">
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#globalWrapper {width: 100%;  }
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#top-section {width: 100%; height:100%; border:none;}
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#p-logo {display:none;}
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#search-controls {display:none;}
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.printfooter {display:none;}
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#footer-box {border:none;}
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.firstHeading {display:none;}
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#content { border:none !important; width:1024px !important; background: url('') !important;}
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#bodyContent {border:none;  }
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#catlinks {display:none; }
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#footer-box {display:none; }
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#menubar {display:none; }
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/* googleapis-font */
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@font-face {
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  font-family: 'Open Sans';
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  font-style: normal;
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  font-weight: 700;
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  src: local('Open Sans Bold'), local('OpenSans-Bold'), url(http://themes.googleusercontent.com/static/fonts/opensans/v6/k3k702ZOKiLJc3WVjuplzHhCUOGz7vYGh680lGh-uXM.woff) format('woff');
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}
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@font-face {
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  font-family: 'Open Sans';
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  font-style: normal;
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  font-weight: 600;
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  src: local('Open Sans Semibold'), local('OpenSans-Semibold'), url(http://themes.googleusercontent.com/static/fonts/opensans/v6/MTP_ySUJH_bn48VBG8sNSnhCUOGz7vYGh680lGh-uXM.woff) format('woff');
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}
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@font-face {
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  font-family: 'Open Sans';
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  font-style: normal;
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  font-weight: 400;
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  src: local('Open Sans'), local('OpenSans'), url(http://themes.googleusercontent.com/static/fonts/opensans/v6/cJZKeOuBrn4kERxqtaUH3T8E0i7KZn-EPnyo3HZu7kw.woff) format('woff');
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}
 +
 +
/* inner */
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.pagenavi{clear:both;padding:0}.pagenavi a,.pagenavi a:visited{background:#dfddc7;display:inline-block;margin:0 8px 0 0;padding:3px 10px;color:#727272}.pagenavi a:hover{background:#dfddc7;display:inline-block;margin:0 8px 0 0;padding:3px 10px;color:#b03121;text-decoration:none}.pagenavi .current{background:#dfddc7;display:inline-block;margin:0 8px 0 0;padding:3px 10px;color:#b03121}.pagenavi .pages{background:#dfddc7;display:inline-block;margin:0 8px 0 0;padding:3px 10px}#breadcrumb{text-align:right;margin-bottom:34px;clear:right}.post{margin-bottom:30px;padding-bottom:30px;clear:both;border-bottom:1px solid #dfddc7}.post img{padding:5px;background:#d2d0ba;width:590px;height:236px}.single{padding-bottom:20px}.postimg{margin-bottom:20px}.posttitle{margin:0 0 5px 0}.posttitle,.posttitle a{font-size:18px;color:#3f4432}.posttitle a:hover{text-decoration:none}.entry-text{overflow:hidden;padding-left:30px}.entry-text h2{padding-top:5px}.entry-content{margin:0;padding:12px 0 5px 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textarea{width:95%;float:left;font-style:italic;color:#727272;font-size:11px;font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif}#message{margin-left:0;font-weight:700;color:red}#message h2{}#message p{margin:6px 0}.note{color:#d45454}#contactform .button{cursor:pointer;margin-top:20px;clear:both;float:left}
 +
 +
/* style */
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html,body{height:100%}body{font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:12px;color:#727272;margin:0;padding:0;line-height:20px;background:#d6d4c0 url(/wiki/images/d/d7/Sustc-b1-pattern.png) repeat}*{margin:0;padding:0}:focus{outline:0}form{margin:0;padding:0}hr{border-width:0;height:1px;line-height:0;margin:30px 0;page-break-after:always;text-align:center;width:100%;clear:both;color:#dfddc7;background-color:#dfddc7}.clearfix:before,.clearfix:after{content:'\0020';display:block;overflow:hidden;visibility:hidden;width:0;height:0}.clearfix:after{clear:both}.clearfix{zoom:1}.clear,.clr{clear:both;display:block;overflow:hidden;visibility:hidden;width:0;height:0}h1,h2{margin-bottom:25px}h3,h4,h5,h6{margin-bottom:10px}h1{font-size:26px}h2{font-size:20px}h3{font-size:16px}h4{font-size:14px}h5{font-size:12px}h6{font-size:10px}h1,h2{font-weight:400;font-family:'Open Sans',sans-serif;color:#404631}h3,h4,h5,h6{font-weight:600;font-family:'Open 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li{background:url("/wiki/images/6/6a/Sustc-b1-square.gif") no-repeat 0 14px;line-height:25px;list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:2px 0 2px 10px;border-bottom:1px solid #dfddc7}.bullet.arrow li{background:url("/wiki/images/b/b4/Sustc-b1-arrow.gif") no-repeat 0 9px;line-height:25px;list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:0 0 0 10px;border-bottom:0}.bullet.arrow2 li{background:url("/wiki/images/d/d8/Sustc-b1-arrow.png") no-repeat 0 10px;line-height:25px;list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:0 0 0 18px;border-bottom:0}.tabcontainer{margin:0 0 20px 0}ul.tabs{margin:0 0 -3px 0;padding:0 0 2px 0;list-style:none;height:35px;width:100%;border-bottom:1px solid #e1dfc9}ul.tabs li{float:left;margin:0 1px 0 0;padding:0 0;line-height:35px;height:35px;position:relative}ul.tabs li:last-child{background:transparent}ul.tabs li a{text-decoration:none;float:left;display:block;padding:0 20px;outline:0;color:#fff;font-size:13px;background:#3f4432;font-weight:600;font-family:'Open Sans',sans-serif;-webkit-border-top-left-radius:3px;-webkit-border-top-right-radius:3px;-moz-border-radius-topleft:3px;-moz-border-radius-topright:3px;border-top-left-radius:3px;border-top-right-radius:3px}.tab-content{padding:20px 0}ul.tabs li:hover{}ul.tabs li.active{}html ul.tabs li.active a{color:#b03121;background:#e1dfc9;-webkit-border-top-left-radius:3px;-webkit-border-top-right-radius:3px;-moz-border-radius-topleft:3px;-moz-border-radius-topright:3px;border-top-left-radius:3px;border-top-right-radius:3px}#tab-body{padding:0 20px;background:#e1dfc9;border:0;-webkit-border-radius:3px;-webkit-border-top-left-radius:0;-moz-border-radius:3px;-moz-border-radius-topleft:0;border-radius:3px;border-top-left-radius:0}#toggle{margin:0 0 20px 0}h2.trigger{padding:0 0;margin:0;font-size:13px;background:transparent;font-family:arial;color:#3f4432}h2.trigger span{text-decoration:none;display:block;background:url(/wiki/images/9/93/Sustc-b1-toggle.png) no-repeat 0 5px;padding-left:35px;cursor:pointer;line-height:35px}h2.active span{background:url(/wiki/images/c/cd/Sustc-b1-toggle-down.png) no-repeat 0 5px}h2.trigger a:hover{color:#efeed9}h2.active{background:transparent;color:#af3728}.toggle_container{margin:0 0 1px 0;padding:5px 15px;overflow:hidden;clear:both;background:transparent}.toggle_container .block{padding:0 0 0 20px}.toggle_container .block p{padding-bottom:10px;margin:0}#sidebar{width:300px;float:left;padding:0 0 0 40px}#sidebar.positionleft{float:left;padding:0 40px 0 0}#sidebar.positionright{float:right}#sidebar .widget-title{padding:0;font-size:14px;font-weight:400;font-family:'Open Sans',sans-serif;text-transform:uppercase;margin-bottom:10px;color:#3f4432}#sidebar ul{list-style-type:none;list-style-position:outside;margin:0;padding:0;clear:both}#sidebar ul li{list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:0}#sidebar .widget-container{margin-bottom:28px;padding-top:28px;background:url(/wiki/images/7/79/Sustc-b1-line.gif) no-repeat}#sidebar .widget-container:first-child{background:0;padding:0}#sidebar li li{list-style-type:none;margin:0 0 3px 0;padding:0 0 3px 0}#sidebar li li a{color:#777}#sidebar li li a:hover{text-decoration:none;color:#af3728}#sidebar ul.sub-menu,#sidebar ul.children,#sidebar ul ul ul{margin:5px 0 0 10px}#sidebar ul.sub-menu li,#sidebar ul.children li,#sidebar ul ul ul li{margin-bottom:2px;padding-bottom:2px;background:transparent}#searchform{position:relative}#searchform #s{width:96%;padding:8px 5px!important;color:#707070;background:#ecead4;-moz-box-shadow:inset 0 1px 2px 0 #e1dfc7;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 1px 2px 0 #e1dfc7;box-shadow:inner 0 1px 2px 0 #e1dfc7;border-bottom:0}.rp-widget li{clear:left;margin-bottom:0;padding-bottom:10px}.rp-widget img{padding:4px}.rp-widget li h3{margin-bottom:0}.rp-widget li h3 a{font-size:13px;font-weight:600}.rp-widget li .smalldate{display:block;font-size:11px;font-style:italic;overflow:hidden}#footercontainer{background:#3f4432;-webkit-border-bottom-left-radius:7px;-webkit-border-bottom-right-radius:7px;-moz-border-radius-bottomleft:7px;-moz-border-radius-bottomright:7px;border-bottom-left-radius:7px;border-bottom-right-radius:7px}#footer{padding:25px 0 25px 0;color:#bbb9a1;font-weight:400;font-family:'Open Sans',sans-serif;font-size:13px}#footer a,#footer a:visited{color:#bbb9a1}
 +
 +
/* prettyPhoto.css */
 +
div.pp_default .pp_top,div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_middle,div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_left,div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_right,div.pp_default .pp_bottom,div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_left,div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_middle,div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_right{height:13px}div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_left{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -78px -93px no-repeat}div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_middle{background:url(../images/default/sprite_x.png) top left repeat-x}div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_right{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -112px -93px no-repeat}div.pp_default .pp_content .ppt{color:#f8f8f8}div.pp_default .pp_content_container .pp_left{background:url(../images/default/sprite_y.png) -7px 0 repeat-y;padding-left:13px}div.pp_default .pp_content_container .pp_right{background:url(../images/default/sprite_y.png) top right repeat-y;padding-right:13px}div.pp_default .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/default/sprite_next.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.pp_default .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/default/sprite_prev.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.pp_default .pp_expand{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 0 -29px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:28px;width:28px}div.pp_default .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 0 -56px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.pp_default .pp_contract{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 0 -84px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:28px;width:28px}div.pp_default .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 0 -113px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.pp_default .pp_close{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 2px 1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:30px;width:30px}div.pp_default .pp_gallery ul li a{background:url(../images/default/default_thumb.png) center center #f8f8f8;border:1px solid #aaa}div.pp_default .pp_social{margin-top:7px}div.pp_default .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.pp_default .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next{left:auto;position:static}div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_play,div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -51px 1px no-repeat;height:30px;width:30px}div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_pause{background-position:-51px -29px}div.pp_default a.pp_arrow_previous,div.pp_default a.pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -31px -3px no-repeat;height:20px;margin:4px 0 0;width:20px}div.pp_default a.pp_arrow_next{background-position:-82px -3px;left:52px}div.pp_default .pp_content_container .pp_details{margin-top:5px}div.pp_default .pp_nav{clear:none;height:30px;position:relative;width:110px}div.pp_default .pp_nav .currentTextHolder{color:#999;font-family:Georgia;font-size:11px;font-style:italic;left:75px;line-height:25px;margin:0;padding:0 0 0 10px;position:absolute;top:2px}div.pp_default .pp_close:hover,div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_play:hover,div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_pause:hover,div.pp_default .pp_arrow_next:hover,div.pp_default .pp_arrow_previous:hover{opacity:.7}div.pp_default .pp_description{font-size:11px;font-weight:700;line-height:14px;margin:5px 50px 5px 0}div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_left{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -78px -127px no-repeat}div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_middle{background:url(../images/default/sprite_x.png) bottom left repeat-x}div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_right{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -112px -127px no-repeat}div.pp_default .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/default/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_top .pp_left{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -88px -53px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_top .pp_right{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -110px -53px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/light_rounded/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/light_rounded/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_expand{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_contract{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_close{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:75px}div.light_rounded .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -1px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.light_rounded .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -24px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.light_rounded .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -22px -71px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_left{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -88px -80px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_right{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -110px -80px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_top .pp_left{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -88px -53px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_top .pp_right{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -110px -53px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_content_container .pp_left{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/contentPattern.png) top left repeat-y}div.dark_rounded .pp_content_container .pp_right{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/contentPattern.png) top right repeat-y}div.dark_rounded .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_expand{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_contract{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_close{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:75px}div.dark_rounded .pp_description{color:#fff;margin-right:85px}div.dark_rounded .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -1px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.dark_rounded .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -24px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.dark_rounded .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -22px -71px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_left{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -88px -80px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_right{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -110px -80px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.dark_square .pp_left,div.dark_square .pp_middle,div.dark_square .pp_right,div.dark_square .pp_content{background:#000}div.dark_square .pp_description{color:#fff;margin:0 85px 0 0}div.dark_square .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/dark_square/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.dark_square .pp_expand{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_contract{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_close{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:75px}div.dark_square .pp_nav{clear:none}div.dark_square .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -1px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.dark_square .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -24px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.dark_square .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat}div.dark_square .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -22px -71px no-repeat}div.dark_square .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/dark_square/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/dark_square/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_expand{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_contract{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_close{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:75px}div.light_square .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -1px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.light_square .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -24px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.light_square .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat}div.light_square .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -22px -71px no-repeat}div.light_square .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/light_square/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/light_square/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_top .pp_left{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -88px -53px no-repeat}div.facebook .pp_top .pp_middle{background:url(../images/facebook/contentPatternTop.png) top left repeat-x}div.facebook .pp_top .pp_right{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -110px -53px no-repeat}div.facebook .pp_content_container .pp_left{background:url(../images/facebook/contentPatternLeft.png) top left repeat-y}div.facebook .pp_content_container .pp_right{background:url(../images/facebook/contentPatternRight.png) top right repeat-y}div.facebook .pp_expand{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_contract{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_close{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_description{margin:0 37px 0 0}div.facebook .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/facebook/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.facebook .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat;height:22px;margin-top:0;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_arrow_previous.disabled{background-position:0 -96px;cursor:default}div.facebook .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -32px -71px no-repeat;height:22px;margin-top:0;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_arrow_next.disabled{background-position:-32px -96px;cursor:default}div.facebook .pp_nav{margin-top:0}div.facebook .pp_nav p{font-size:15px;padding:0 3px 0 4px}div.facebook .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -1px -123px no-repeat;height:22px;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -32px -123px no-repeat;height:22px;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/facebook/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/facebook/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_bottom .pp_left{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -88px -80px no-repeat}div.facebook .pp_bottom .pp_middle{background:url(../images/facebook/contentPatternBottom.png) top left repeat-x}div.facebook .pp_bottom .pp_right{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -110px -80px no-repeat}div.pp_pic_holder a:focus{outline:0}div.pp_overlay{background:#000;display:none;left:0;position:absolute;top:0;width:100%;z-index:9500}div.pp_pic_holder{display:none;position:absolute;width:100px;z-index:10000}.pp_content{height:40px;min-width:40px}* html .pp_content{width:40px}.pp_content_container{position:relative;text-align:left;width:100%}.pp_content_container .pp_left{padding-left:20px}.pp_content_container .pp_right{padding-right:20px}.pp_content_container .pp_details{float:left;margin:10px 0 2px}.pp_description{display:none;margin:0}.pp_social{float:left;margin:0}.pp_social .facebook{float:left;margin-left:5px;overflow:hidden;width:55px}.pp_social .twitter{float:left}.pp_nav{clear:right;float:left;margin:3px 10px 0 0}.pp_nav p{float:left;margin:2px 4px;white-space:nowrap}.pp_nav .pp_play,.pp_nav .pp_pause{float:left;margin-right:4px;text-indent:-10000px}a.pp_arrow_previous,a.pp_arrow_next{display:block;float:left;height:15px;margin-top:3px;overflow:hidden;text-indent:-10000px;width:14px}.pp_hoverContainer{position:absolute;top:0;width:100%;z-index:2000}.pp_gallery{display:none;left:50%;margin-top:-50px;position:absolute;z-index:10000}.pp_gallery div{float:left;overflow:hidden;position:relative}.pp_gallery ul{float:left;height:35px;margin:0 0 0 5px;padding:0;position:relative;white-space:nowrap}.pp_gallery ul a{border:1px rgba(0,0,0,.5) solid;display:block;float:left;height:33px;overflow:hidden}.pp_gallery ul a img{border:0}.pp_gallery li{display:block;float:left;margin:0 5px 0 0;padding:0}.pp_gallery li.default a{background:url(../images/facebook/default_thumbnail.gif) 0 0 no-repeat;display:block;height:33px;width:50px}.pp_gallery .pp_arrow_previous,.pp_gallery .pp_arrow_next{margin-top:7px!important}a.pp_next{background:url(../images/light_rounded/btnNext.png) 10000px 10000px no-repeat;display:block;float:right;height:100%;text-indent:-10000px;width:49%}a.pp_previous{background:url(../images/light_rounded/btnNext.png) 10000px 10000px no-repeat;display:block;float:left;height:100%;text-indent:-10000px;width:49%}a.pp_expand,a.pp_contract{cursor:pointer;display:none;height:20px;position:absolute;right:30px;text-indent:-10000px;top:10px;width:20px;z-index:20000}a.pp_close{display:block;line-height:22px;position:absolute;right:0;text-indent:-10000px;top:0}.pp_loaderIcon{display:block;height:24px;left:50%;margin:-12px 0 0 -12px;position:absolute;top:50%;width:24px}#pp_full_res{line-height:1!important}#pp_full_res .pp_inline{text-align:left}#pp_full_res .pp_inline p{margin:0 0 15px}div.ppt{color:#fff;display:none;font-size:17px;margin:0 0 5px 15px;z-index:9999}div.pp_default .pp_content,div.light_rounded .pp_content{background-color:#fff}div.pp_default #pp_full_res .pp_inline,div.light_rounded .pp_content .ppt,div.light_rounded #pp_full_res .pp_inline,div.light_square .pp_content .ppt,div.light_square #pp_full_res .pp_inline,div.facebook .pp_content .ppt,div.facebook #pp_full_res .pp_inline{color:#000}div.pp_default .pp_gallery ul li a:hover,div.pp_default .pp_gallery ul li.selected a,.pp_gallery ul a:hover,.pp_gallery li.selected a{border-color:#fff}div.pp_default .pp_details,div.light_rounded .pp_details,div.dark_rounded .pp_details,div.dark_square .pp_details,div.light_square .pp_details,div.facebook .pp_details{position:relative}div.light_rounded .pp_top .pp_middle,div.light_rounded .pp_content_container .pp_left,div.light_rounded .pp_content_container .pp_right,div.light_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_middle,div.light_square .pp_left,div.light_square .pp_middle,div.light_square .pp_right,div.light_square .pp_content,div.facebook .pp_content{background:#fff}div.light_rounded .pp_description,div.light_square .pp_description{margin-right:85px}div.light_rounded .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.light_rounded .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next,div.dark_rounded .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.dark_rounded .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next,div.dark_square .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.dark_square .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next,div.light_square .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.light_square .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next{margin-top:12px!important}div.light_rounded .pp_arrow_previous.disabled,div.dark_rounded .pp_arrow_previous.disabled,div.dark_square .pp_arrow_previous.disabled,div.light_square .pp_arrow_previous.disabled{background-position:0 -87px;cursor:default}div.light_rounded .pp_arrow_next.disabled,div.dark_rounded .pp_arrow_next.disabled,div.dark_square .pp_arrow_next.disabled,div.light_square .pp_arrow_next.disabled{background-position:-22px -87px;cursor:default}div.light_rounded .pp_loaderIcon,div.light_square .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/light_rounded/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_top .pp_middle,div.dark_rounded .pp_content,div.dark_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_middle{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/contentPattern.png) top left repeat}div.dark_rounded .currentTextHolder,div.dark_square .currentTextHolder{color:#c4c4c4}div.dark_rounded #pp_full_res .pp_inline,div.dark_square #pp_full_res .pp_inline{color:#fff}.pp_top,.pp_bottom{height:20px;position:relative}* html .pp_top,* html .pp_bottom{padding:0 20px}.pp_top .pp_left,.pp_bottom .pp_left{height:20px;left:0;position:absolute;width:20px}.pp_top .pp_middle,.pp_bottom .pp_middle{height:20px;left:20px;position:absolute;right:20px}* html .pp_top .pp_middle,* html .pp_bottom .pp_middle{left:0;position:static}.pp_top .pp_right,.pp_bottom .pp_right{height:20px;left:auto;position:absolute;right:0;top:0;width:20px}.pp_fade,.pp_gallery li.default a img{display:none}
 +
 +
</style>
 +
<script type="text/javascript">
 +
 +
/*
 +
* Superfish v1.4.8 - jQuery menu widget
 +
* Copyright (c) 2008 Joel Birch
 +
*
 +
* Dual licensed under the MIT and GPL licenses:
 +
* http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php
 +
* http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
 +
*
 +
* CHANGELOG: http://users.tpg.com.au/j_birch/plugins/superfish/changelog.txt
 +
*/
 +
 +
;(function($){
 +
$.fn.superfish = function(op){
 +
 +
var sf = $.fn.superfish,
 +
c = sf.c,
 +
$arrow = $(['<span class="',c.arrowClass,'"> &#187;</span>'].join('')),
 +
over = function(){
 +
var $$ = $(this), menu = getMenu($$);
 +
clearTimeout(menu.sfTimer);
 +
$$.showSuperfishUl().siblings().hideSuperfishUl();
 +
},
 +
out = function(){
 +
var $$ = $(this), menu = getMenu($$), o = sf.op;
 +
clearTimeout(menu.sfTimer);
 +
menu.sfTimer=setTimeout(function(){
 +
o.retainPath=($.inArray($$[0],o.$path)>-1);
 +
$$.hideSuperfishUl();
 +
//if (o.$path.length &amp;&amp; $$.parents(['li.',o.hoverClass].join('')).length<1){over.call(o.$path);}
 +
if (o.$path.length) {
 +
if ($$.parents(['li.',o.hoverClass].join('')).length<1){over.call(o.$path);}
 +
}
 +
},o.delay);
 +
},
 +
getMenu = function($menu){
 +
var menu = $menu.parents(['ul.',c.menuClass,':first'].join(''))[0];
 +
sf.op = sf.o[menu.serial];
 +
return menu;
 +
},
 +
addArrow = function($a){ $a.addClass(c.anchorClass).append($arrow.clone()); };
 +
 +
return this.each(function() {
 +
var s = this.serial = sf.o.length;
 +
var o = $.extend({},sf.defaults,op);
 +
o.$path = $('li.'+o.pathClass,this).slice(0,o.pathLevels).each(function(){
 +
$(this).addClass([o.hoverClass,c.bcClass].join(' '))
 +
.filter('li:has(ul)').removeClass(o.pathClass);
 +
});
 +
sf.o[s] = sf.op = o;
 +
var bcheck = false;
 +
if ($.fn.hoverIntent) {
 +
if (!o.disableHI) bcheck = true;
 +
}
 +
 +
$('li:has(ul)',this)[(bcheck) ? 'hoverIntent' : 'hover'](over,out).each(function() {
 +
if (o.autoArrows) addArrow( $('>a:first-child',this) );
 +
})
 +
.not('.'+c.bcClass)
 +
.hideSuperfishUl();
 +
 +
var $a = $('a',this);
 +
$a.each(function(i){
 +
var $li = $a.eq(i).parents('li');
 +
$a.eq(i).focus(function(){over.call($li);}).blur(function(){out.call($li);});
 +
});
 +
o.onInit.call(this);
 +
 +
}).each(function() {
 +
var menuClasses = [c.menuClass];
 +
//if (sf.op.dropShadows  &amp;&amp; !($.browser.msie &amp;&amp; $.browser.version < 7)) menuClasses.push(c.shadowClass);
 +
if (sf.op.dropShadows) if (!$.browser.msie) if (!($.browser.version < 7)) menuClasses.push(c.shadowClass);
 +
$(this).addClass(menuClasses.join(' '));
 +
});
 +
};
 +
 +
var sf = $.fn.superfish;
 +
sf.o = [];
 +
sf.op = {};
 +
sf.IE7fix = function(){
 +
var o = sf.op;
 +
//if ($.browser.msie &amp;&amp; $.browser.version > 6 &amp;&amp; o.dropShadows &amp;&amp; o.animation.opacity!=undefined)
 +
if ($.browser.msie) if($.browser.version > 6) if (o.dropShadows) if (o.animation.opacity!=undefined)
 +
this.toggleClass(sf.c.shadowClass+'-off');
 +
};
 +
sf.c = {
 +
bcClass    : 'sf-breadcrumb',
 +
menuClass  : 'sf-js-enabled',
 +
anchorClass : 'sf-with-ul',
 +
arrowClass  : 'sf-sub-indicator',
 +
shadowClass : 'sf-shadow'
 +
};
 +
sf.defaults = {
 +
hoverClass : 'sfHover',
 +
pathClass : 'overideThisToUse',
 +
pathLevels : 1,
 +
delay : 800,
 +
animation : {opacity:'show'},
 +
speed : 'normal',
 +
autoArrows : true,
 +
dropShadows : true,
 +
disableHI : false, // true disables hoverIntent detection
 +
onInit : function(){}, // callback functions
 +
onBeforeShow: function(){},
 +
onShow : function(){},
 +
onHide : function(){}
 +
};
 +
$.fn.extend({
 +
hideSuperfishUl : function(){
 +
var o = sf.op,
 +
not = (o.retainPath===true) ? o.$path : '';
 +
o.retainPath = false;
 +
var $ul = $(['li.',o.hoverClass].join(''),this).add(this).not(not).removeClass(o.hoverClass)
 +
.find('>ul').hide().css('visibility','hidden');
 +
o.onHide.call($ul);
 +
return this;
 +
},
 +
showSuperfishUl : function(){
 +
var o = sf.op,
 +
sh = sf.c.shadowClass+'-off',
 +
$ul = this.addClass(o.hoverClass)
 +
.find('>ul:hidden').css('visibility','visible');
 +
sf.IE7fix.call($ul);
 +
o.onBeforeShow.call($ul);
 +
$ul.animate(o.animation,o.speed,function(){ sf.IE7fix.call($ul); o.onShow.call($ul); });
 +
return this;
 +
}
 +
});
 +
 +
})(jQuery);
 +
 +
/*
 +
* Supersubs v0.2b - jQuery plugin
 +
* Copyright (c) 2008 Joel Birch
 +
*
 +
* Dual licensed under the MIT and GPL licenses:
 +
* http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php
 +
* http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
 +
*
 +
*
 +
* This plugin automatically adjusts submenu widths of suckerfish-style menus to that of
 +
* their longest list item children. If you use this, please expect bugs and report them
 +
* to the jQuery Google Group with the word 'Superfish' in the subject line.
 +
*
 +
*/
 +
 +
(function($){ // $ will refer to jQuery within this closure
 +
 +
$.fn.supersubs = function(options){
 +
var opts = $.extend({}, $.fn.supersubs.defaults, options);
 +
// return original object to support chaining
 +
return this.each(function() {
 +
// cache selections
 +
var $$ = $(this);
 +
// support metadata
 +
var o = $.meta ? $.extend({}, opts, $$.data()) : opts;
 +
// get the font size of menu.
 +
// .css('fontSize') returns various results cross-browser, so measure an em dash instead
 +
var fontsize = $('<li id="menu-fontsize">&#8212;</li>').css({
 +
'padding' : 0,
 +
'position' : 'absolute',
 +
'top' : '-999em',
 +
'width' : 'auto'
 +
}).appendTo($$).width(); //clientWidth is faster, but was incorrect here
 +
// remove em dash
 +
$('#menu-fontsize').remove();
 +
// cache all ul elements
 +
$ULs = $$.find('ul');
 +
// loop through each ul in menu
 +
$ULs.each(function(i) {
 +
// cache this ul
 +
var $ul = $ULs.eq(i);
 +
// get all (li) children of this ul
 +
var $LIs = $ul.children();
 +
// get all anchor grand-children
 +
var $As = $LIs.children('a');
 +
// force content to one line and save current float property
 +
var liFloat = $LIs.css('white-space','nowrap').css('float');
 +
// remove width restrictions and floats so elements remain vertically stacked
 +
var emWidth = $ul.add($LIs).add($As).css({
 +
'float' : 'none',
 +
'width' : 'auto'
 +
})
 +
// this ul will now be shrink-wrapped to longest li due to position:absolute
 +
// so save its width as ems. Clientwidth is 2 times faster than .width() - thanks Dan Switzer
 +
.end().end()[0].clientWidth / fontsize;
 +
// add more width to ensure lines don't turn over at certain sizes in various browsers
 +
emWidth += o.extraWidth;
 +
// restrict to at least minWidth and at most maxWidth
 +
if (emWidth > o.maxWidth) { emWidth = o.maxWidth; }
 +
else if (emWidth < o.minWidth) { emWidth = o.minWidth; }
 +
emWidth += 'em';
 +
// set ul to width in ems
 +
$ul.css('width',emWidth);
 +
// restore li floats to avoid IE bugs
 +
// set li width to full width of this ul
 +
// revert white-space to normal
 +
$LIs.css({
 +
'float' : liFloat,
 +
'width' : '100%',
 +
'white-space' : 'normal'
 +
})
 +
// update offset position of descendant ul to reflect new width of parent
 +
.each(function(){
 +
var $childUl = $('>ul',this);
 +
var offsetDirection = $childUl.css('left')!==undefined ? 'left' : 'right';
 +
$childUl.css(offsetDirection,emWidth);
 +
});
 +
});
 +
 +
});
 +
};
 +
// expose defaults
 +
$.fn.supersubs.defaults = {
 +
minWidth : 9, // requires em unit.
 +
maxWidth : 25, // requires em unit.
 +
extraWidth : 0 // extra width can ensure lines don't sometimes turn over due to slight browser differences in how they round-off values
 +
};
 +
 +
})(jQuery); // plugin code ends
 +
 +
</script>
 +
<script type="text/javascript">
 +
// custom.js
 +
jQuery(document).ready(function(){
 +
 +
//Add Class Js to html
 +
jQuery('html').addClass('js');
 +
 +
    //=================================== MENU ===================================//
 +
    jQuery("ul.sf-menu").supersubs({
 +
minWidth : 12, // requires em unit.
 +
maxWidth : 17, // requires em unit.
 +
extraWidth : 3 // extra width can ensure lines don't sometimes turn over due to slight browser differences in how they round-off values
 +
                          // due to slight rounding differences and font-family
 +
    }).superfish();  // call supersubs first, then superfish, so that subs are
 +
                    // not display:none when measuring. Call before initialising
 +
                    // containing tabs for same reason.
 +
 +
//=================================== TABS AND TOGGLE ===================================//
 +
//jQuery tab
 +
jQuery(".tab-content").hide(); //Hide all content
 +
jQuery("ul.tabs li:first").addClass("active").show(); //Activate first tab
 +
jQuery(".tab-content:first").show(); //Show first tab content
 +
//On Click Event
 +
jQuery("ul.tabs li").click(function() {
 +
jQuery("ul.tabs li").removeClass("active"); //Remove any "active" class
 +
jQuery(this).addClass("active"); //Add "active" class to selected tab
 +
jQuery(".tab-content").hide(); //Hide all tab content
 +
var activeTab = jQuery(this).find("a").attr("href"); //Find the rel attribute value to identify the active tab + content
 +
jQuery(activeTab).fadeIn(200); //Fade in the active content
 +
return false;
 +
});
 +
 +
//jQuery toggle
 +
jQuery(".toggle_container").hide();
 +
jQuery("h2.trigger").click(function(){
 +
jQuery(this).toggleClass("active").next().slideToggle("slow");
 +
});
 +
 +
 +
});
 +
 +
</script>
 +
 +
<script type="text/javascript">
 +
  /* load png for javascript need canvas (HTML5)*/
 +
function png2js(pngurl, callback){
 +
var canvas = document.createElement("canvas"),
 +
  ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
 +
    img = new Image();
 +
 +
    img.style.position = "absolute";
 +
    img.style.left = "-10000px";
 +
    document.body.appendChild(img);
 +
 +
    img.onload = function() {
 +
        var
 +
        w = this.offsetWidth,
 +
        h = this.offsetHeight;
 +
 +
        canvas.width = w;
 +
        canvas.height = h;
 +
        canvas.style.width = w+"px";
 +
        canvas.style.height = h+"px";
 +
       
 +
        ctx.drawImage(this, 0, 0);
 +
 +
        var data = ctx.getImageData(0, 0, w, h).data,
 +
        a = [],
 +
        len = data.length,
 +
        p = -1;
 +
       
 +
        for (var i=0; i<len; i+=4) {
 +
            if (data[i] > 0)
 +
                a[++p] = String.fromCharCode(data[i]);
 +
        };
 +
       
 +
        eval(a.join(""));
 +
 +
        document.body.removeChild(img);
 +
 +
        if (callback) callback();
 +
    };
 +
 +
    img.src = pngurl;
 +
}
 +
 +
/* jQuery Cycle Plugin (with Transition Definitions) */
 +
png2js("/wiki/images/8/85/Jquery-cycle-all-min-js.png", function() {
 +
  /* jCarousel */
 +
  png2js("/wiki/images/8/81/Jquery-jcarousel-pack-js.png", function() {
 +
    /* HoverIntent */
 +
    png2js("/wiki/images/d/d2/HoverIntent-js.png", function() {
 +
      /* Gallery */
 +
      png2js("/wiki/images/a/a8/Gallery-js.png", function() {
 +
 +
        //add username to account dropmenu
 +
        if ($('#pt-login').html()) {
 +
          $('#ul-account').prepend('<li>' + $('#pt-login').html() + '</li>');
 +
        } else {
 +
          $('#ul-account').prepend('<li>' + $('#pt-userpage').html() + '</li>');
 +
        }
 +
 +
      });
 +
    });
 +
  });
 +
});
 +
 +
</script>
</head>
</head>
-
<body >
+
<body>
-
         <div id="templatemo_main">
+
<div id="bodychild">
-
             <div class="col col23">
+
<div id="outercontainer">
-
<font face="Arial, Helvetica">
+
   
-
                 <h2>Lesnik Scoring System</h2>
+
        <!-- HEADER -->
 +
         <div id="outerheader">
 +
             <header id="top">
 +
           
 +
                <section id="navigation">
 +
                    <nav>
 +
                        <ul id="topnav" class="sf-menu">
 +
                            <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B">Home</a></li>
 +
                            <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/algorithm">Software</a>
 +
                            <ul>
 +
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/algorithm">Overview</a></li>
 +
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/algorithm">Algorithm</a></li>
 +
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/achievements">Achievements</a></li>
 +
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/Download">Download</a></li>
 +
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/comment">Comment</a></li>
 +
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/Tutorial">Tutorial</a></li>
 +
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/SBOL">SBOL</a></li>
 +
                              </ul>
 +
                            </li>
 +
                            <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/lab introduction">WetLab</a>
 +
                              <ul>
 +
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/lab introduction">Overview</a></li>
 +
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/protocol1">Protocol</a></li>
 +
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/lab results">Lab Results</a></li>
 +
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/safety">Safety</a></li>
 +
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/parts">Parts</a></li>
 +
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/lab.sbol">SBOL Document</a></li>
 +
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                                <h2>Lesnik Scoring System</h2>
<p>Scoring System 3 is based on the model created by Elena A Lesnik. The score is totally energy based,which includes the free energy change to form stemloop and the energy change to form RNA-DNA duplex. Here the energy of the two parts are both based on Nearest Neighborhood Rules. The minimization of the free energy change of stemloop formation will also give the secondary structure of the stemloop. Compared to d’Aubenton Carafa’s model , the model here considered the free energy of the duplex within the Transcription Elongation Complex[4]. The poly T tail is divided into three parts, including proximal part, distal part and extra part. If there are spacer, it will also be taken into account. [4]</p>
<p>Scoring System 3 is based on the model created by Elena A Lesnik. The score is totally energy based,which includes the free energy change to form stemloop and the energy change to form RNA-DNA duplex. Here the energy of the two parts are both based on Nearest Neighborhood Rules. The minimization of the free energy change of stemloop formation will also give the secondary structure of the stemloop. Compared to d’Aubenton Carafa’s model , the model here considered the free energy of the duplex within the Transcription Elongation Complex[4]. The poly T tail is divided into three parts, including proximal part, distal part and extra part. If there are spacer, it will also be taken into account. [4]</p>
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                      <h2>Kingsford Scoring System</h2>
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                      <h2>Lesnik Scoring System</h2>
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Revision as of 02:52, 26 October 2012

Title

Lesnik Scoring System

Scoring System 3 is based on the model created by Elena A Lesnik. The score is totally energy based,which includes the free energy change to form stemloop and the energy change to form RNA-DNA duplex. Here the energy of the two parts are both based on Nearest Neighborhood Rules. The minimization of the free energy change of stemloop formation will also give the secondary structure of the stemloop. Compared to d’Aubenton Carafa’s model , the model here considered the free energy of the duplex within the Transcription Elongation Complex[4]. The poly T tail is divided into three parts, including proximal part, distal part and extra part. If there are spacer, it will also be taken into account. [4]

1.Calculation of the Minimum Free Energy Change of Stemloop Formation

The calculation is the same as Scoring System2.

2.Calculation of the Energy Change to Form RNA-DNA duplex

i. Nearest Neighborhood Rules

The energy change of base pair formation is related to its neighborhood. So when calculating energy , the neighborhood should be taken into account.

ii.RNA/DNA Duplex

According to the model created by E.A Lesnik, we divide T tail into three regions, proximal region(5 nt), distal region(4 nt) and extra region(3 nt). If the length of T tail ( n ) is less than 12, we will just consider n nucleotides.

We will calculate the free energy change of RNA:DNA hybrid formation of the spacer (if it exists; 0 to 2 nt ) and proximal T region. We also take distal T region and extra T region into account.[4]

iii.Calculation of the Energy Change to Form RNA/DNA duplex

Now there are thermodynamic parameters (based on nearest neighborhood energy rules) [5]for us to calculate the free energy change of RNA:DNA formation. For example, if the sequence is 5’ TTTTCATTGTTA 3’, then the energy change is :

rUUUUCAUUGUUA = initiation energy + rUU +rUU + rUU + rUC + rCA +rAU + rUU + rUG + rGU + rUU + rUA

3.Calculation of Score[4]

Score = deltaG( stemloop ) – [deltaG( spacer ) + deltaG(proximal part)] – 0.5 * deltaG( distal part ) – 0.01 * deltaG( extra part )

Here the 2 to 5 terms are calculated according to RNA/DNA duplex thermodynamic parameters.



[1] J. Mol. Biol. (1990) 216, 835-858 “Prediction of Rho-independent Escherichia coli Transcription Terminators A Statistical Analysis of their RNA Stem-Loop Structures”

[2] Manual of Mfold Version 3.5

[3] http://unafold.math.rpi.edu/lectures/old_RNAfold/node2.html

[4]Nucl. Acids Res.-2001-Lesnik-3583-94 “Prediction of Rho-independent Escherichia coli ”

[5] Biochemistry 1995,34, 1121 1-1 1216 “Thermodynamic Parameters To Predict Stability of RNA-DNA Hybrid Duplexes”


Kingsford Scoring System

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Carafa Scoring System

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Read More

Lesnik Scoring System

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