Team:UANL Mty-Mexico/Project/recovery

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iGEM UANL 2012


Silica adsorption.


A variety of bioremediation projects have been developed in the last few years; unfortunately none of them has scalable potential due to a lack of an efficient cell recovery system. Therefore developing scalable tools is a very important part of biological systems that could substitute chemical and physical traditional methods that are usually aggressive and environmentally unfriendly (Malik 2004).


L2 ribosomal protein


Taniguchi et al. reported in 2007 that the L2 ribosomal protein from E. coli strongly adsorbs to silica surfaces, up to 200 times tighter than poliarginine tags commonly used for protein purification. In their work, Taniguchi et al. 2007, constructed a fusion protein of L2 and green fluorescent protein (GFP) which adsorbed to a silica surface even after washing for 24 hours with a buffer containing 1 M NaCl (Figure 1).


Figure 1. Proteins adsorbed to a silica slide and washed for 24 hours a) GFP b) L2-GFP fusion c) R9-GFP fusion. Taken from Taniguchi et al., 2007


They mapped the silica-binding domains to amino acids 1-60 and 203-273.

Silica-binding of L2 fusion proteins does not require chemical modifications or pretreatments as opposed to most adsorption methods. Thus developing a cellular silica-binding system seems to have a recovery and scalable potential suited for bioremediation applications. 


Expression of L2 in the outer membrane


Even though there are many available carrier proteins to express passengers in E. coli's cell membrane, these systems are mostly designed for small peptides and proteins. On the other hand, membrane proteins AIDA-I and Lpp-OmpA allow the expression of larger proteins in the outer membrane.

AIDA-I is an E. coli membrane protein with a passenger domain of 76 kDa exposed to the extracellular space and a transmembrane beta-barrel domain of 45 kDa; the latter has been used to express functional proteins in the cell-membrane of up to 65 kDa (van Bloois et al., 2011). Furthermore passengers coupled to AIDA-I have been reported to reach an expression level of more than 100,000 copies per cell in the outer membrane (Jose and Meyer, 2007), therefore making this expression system a great option for the expression of L2 in E. coli's outer membrane (Figure 2a, Li et al. 2007).


Figure 2. Genetic constructions for outer-membrane expression a) AIDA-I b) OmpA


Another carrier protein is Lpp-OmpA, which is a fusion protein of two E. coli's native proteins: signal-peptide from Lpp lipoprotein and OmpA transmembrane protein (Francisco et al., 1992). This system has been used to carry proteins from 27 up to 74 kDa and reaches an expression level of up to 100,000 copies per cell in the outer membrane (van Bloois et al., 2011), although the structure is different from AIDA-I (Figure 2b). Figure 3 represents the fusion proteins arrangement in the outer membrane of E. coli.


Figure 3. Schematic representation of AIDA-I and OmpA carrier proteins.


The genetic circuit is based on the constitutive expression of the adherent protein to silica "L2". Moreover, constitutive expression of RFP will allow us to see adherent cells (Figure 4).


Figure 4. In order to express constitutively L2, it could be used AIDA-I or OmpA system.




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