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Behavioral analysis of trans5α, ΔcheZ

strain and wild type MG1655

E.coli performs two types of movements: smooth swimming and tumbling, which is decided by rotation. Counter-clockwise rotation leads the bacteria to swim in a straight line, while clock-wise rotation causes the bacteria to tumble in place. As CheZ is essential to determine flagella rotation, we analyzed a trans5α strain lacking flagella, ΔCheZ strain K12 AMB1655 from Jian-Dong Huang, and wild type MG1655 motility on semi-solid medium.

During bacterial growth on the semi-solid medium, the energy source where colonies were visible was consumed first, and the possibility of smooth swimming was increased. We expected that wild type MG1655 would diffuse into the surroundings, and ΔCheZ and trans5α would stay in place. The bacterial colonies were grown to mid-exponential phase (OD0.4—0.6) before they were visible on the semi-solid medium. After 20 hours at 30℃, trans5α stayed immobile and formed smooth colonies (Figure 1.a), while the ΔCheZ strain also stayed in place, but formed uneven edges due to tumbling(Figure 1.b). Also wild type MG1655 spread to its surroundings and formed larger colonies in the form of a ring(Figure 1.c). The results show that CheZ influences bacteria motility and we can regulate the expression level of CheZ in order to control bacterial behavioral.


Figure 1. (a)(b)(c) trans5α、&Delta cheZ and wild type MG1655 on semi-solid medium, respectively. The medium contain 5g tryptone, 2.5g yeast extract, 5g NaCl per liter, 0.25% agar, buffered by HEPES(pH 8.0, final concentration 20mM), and 0.5% (w/v) glycerol was added as the carbon source. 20ml of the above medium was poured into Petri-dish(9cm internal diameter), and harden at 30℃ for 1h. 2μL cell culture(OD0.4—0.6) was spotted at the center of the plate and dried for 15min. Incubated at 30℃ for 20h.

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