Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/SynBio.intro

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{{tempalte:sustc_shenzhen_b/1}}
<html>
<html>
<head>
<head>
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<meta charset="utf-8" />
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<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
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<meta name="description" content="" />
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<title>SUSTC iGEM Theme - Free CSS Template</title>
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<meta name="author" content="tengattack" />
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<meta name="keywords" content="beauty class, free theme, website design, bokehs, pink, orange, templatemo, CSS, HTML" />
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<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
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<meta name="description" content="Beauty Class Theme, pinky background gradient with bokehs, free CSS template provided by templatemo.com" />
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<title>Title</title>
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<style type="text/css">
 
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#globalWrapper {width: 100%;  }
 
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#top-section {width: 100%; height:100%; border:none;}
 
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#p-logo {display:none;}
 
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#search-controls {display:none;}
 
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.printfooter {display:none;}
 
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#footer-box {border:none;}
 
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.firstHeading {display:none;}
 
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#content { border:none !important; width:1024px !important; background: url('') !important;}
 
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#bodyContent {border:none;  }
 
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#catlinks {display:none; }
 
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#footer-box {display:none; }
 
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#menubar {display:none; }
 
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/* googleapis-font */
 
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@font-face {
 
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  font-style: normal;
 
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  font-weight: 700;
 
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  src: local('Open Sans Bold'), local('OpenSans-Bold'), url(http://themes.googleusercontent.com/static/fonts/opensans/v6/k3k702ZOKiLJc3WVjuplzHhCUOGz7vYGh680lGh-uXM.woff) format('woff');
 
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}
 
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@font-face {
 
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  font-style: normal;
 
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  font-weight: 600;
 
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@font-face {
 
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li{background:url("/wiki/images/6/6a/Sustc-b1-square.gif") no-repeat 0 14px;line-height:25px;list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:2px 0 2px 10px;border-bottom:1px solid #dfddc7}.bullet.arrow li{background:url("/wiki/images/b/b4/Sustc-b1-arrow.gif") no-repeat 0 9px;line-height:25px;list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:0 0 0 10px;border-bottom:0}.bullet.arrow2 li{background:url("/wiki/images/d/d8/Sustc-b1-arrow.png") no-repeat 0 10px;line-height:25px;list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:0 0 0 18px;border-bottom:0}.tabcontainer{margin:0 0 20px 0}ul.tabs{margin:0 0 -3px 0;padding:0 0 2px 0;list-style:none;height:35px;width:100%;border-bottom:1px solid #e1dfc9}ul.tabs li{float:left;margin:0 1px 0 0;padding:0 0;line-height:35px;height:35px;position:relative}ul.tabs li:last-child{background:transparent}ul.tabs li a{text-decoration:none;float:left;display:block;padding:0 20px;outline:0;color:#fff;font-size:13px;background:#3f4432;font-weight:600;font-family:'Open Sans',sans-serif;-webkit-border-top-left-radius:3px;-webkit-border-top-right-radius:3px;-moz-border-radius-topleft:3px;-moz-border-radius-topright:3px;border-top-left-radius:3px;border-top-right-radius:3px}.tab-content{padding:20px 0}ul.tabs li:hover{}ul.tabs li.active{}html ul.tabs li.active a{color:#b03121;background:#e1dfc9;-webkit-border-top-left-radius:3px;-webkit-border-top-right-radius:3px;-moz-border-radius-topleft:3px;-moz-border-radius-topright:3px;border-top-left-radius:3px;border-top-right-radius:3px}#tab-body{padding:0 20px;background:#e1dfc9;border:0;-webkit-border-radius:3px;-webkit-border-top-left-radius:0;-moz-border-radius:3px;-moz-border-radius-topleft:0;border-radius:3px;border-top-left-radius:0}#toggle{margin:0 0 20px 0}h2.trigger{padding:0 0;margin:0;font-size:13px;background:transparent;font-family:arial;color:#3f4432}h2.trigger span{text-decoration:none;display:block;background:url(/wiki/images/9/93/Sustc-b1-toggle.png) no-repeat 0 5px;padding-left:35px;cursor:pointer;line-height:35px}h2.active span{background:url(/wiki/images/c/cd/Sustc-b1-toggle-down.png) no-repeat 0 5px}h2.trigger a:hover{color:#efeed9}h2.active{background:transparent;color:#af3728}.toggle_container{margin:0 0 1px 0;padding:5px 15px;overflow:hidden;clear:both;background:transparent}.toggle_container .block{padding:0 0 0 20px}.toggle_container .block p{padding-bottom:10px;margin:0}#sidebar{width:300px;float:left;padding:0 0 0 40px}#sidebar.positionleft{float:left;padding:0 40px 0 0}#sidebar.positionright{float:right}#sidebar .widget-title{padding:0;font-size:14px;font-weight:400;font-family:'Open Sans',sans-serif;text-transform:uppercase;margin-bottom:10px;color:#3f4432}#sidebar ul{list-style-type:none;list-style-position:outside;margin:0;padding:0;clear:both}#sidebar ul li{list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:0}#sidebar .widget-container{margin-bottom:28px;padding-top:28px;background:url(/wiki/images/7/79/Sustc-b1-line.gif) no-repeat}#sidebar .widget-container:first-child{background:0;padding:0}#sidebar li li{list-style-type:none;margin:0 0 3px 0;padding:0 0 3px 0}#sidebar li li a{color:#777}#sidebar li li a:hover{text-decoration:none;color:#af3728}#sidebar ul.sub-menu,#sidebar ul.children,#sidebar ul ul ul{margin:5px 0 0 10px}#sidebar ul.sub-menu li,#sidebar ul.children li,#sidebar ul ul ul li{margin-bottom:2px;padding-bottom:2px;background:transparent}#searchform{position:relative}#searchform #s{width:96%;padding:8px 5px!important;color:#707070;background:#ecead4;-moz-box-shadow:inset 0 1px 2px 0 #e1dfc7;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 1px 2px 0 #e1dfc7;box-shadow:inner 0 1px 2px 0 #e1dfc7;border-bottom:0}.rp-widget li{clear:left;margin-bottom:0;padding-bottom:10px}.rp-widget img{padding:4px}.rp-widget li h3{margin-bottom:0}.rp-widget li h3 a{font-size:13px;font-weight:600}.rp-widget li 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/* prettyPhoto.css */
 
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div.pp_default .pp_top,div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_middle,div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_left,div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_right,div.pp_default .pp_bottom,div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_left,div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_middle,div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_right{height:13px}div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_left{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -78px -93px no-repeat}div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_middle{background:url(../images/default/sprite_x.png) top left repeat-x}div.pp_default .pp_top .pp_right{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -112px -93px no-repeat}div.pp_default .pp_content .ppt{color:#f8f8f8}div.pp_default .pp_content_container .pp_left{background:url(../images/default/sprite_y.png) -7px 0 repeat-y;padding-left:13px}div.pp_default .pp_content_container .pp_right{background:url(../images/default/sprite_y.png) top right repeat-y;padding-right:13px}div.pp_default .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/default/sprite_next.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.pp_default .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/default/sprite_prev.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.pp_default .pp_expand{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 0 -29px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:28px;width:28px}div.pp_default .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 0 -56px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.pp_default .pp_contract{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 0 -84px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:28px;width:28px}div.pp_default .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 0 -113px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.pp_default .pp_close{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) 2px 1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:30px;width:30px}div.pp_default .pp_gallery ul li a{background:url(../images/default/default_thumb.png) center center #f8f8f8;border:1px solid #aaa}div.pp_default .pp_social{margin-top:7px}div.pp_default .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.pp_default .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next{left:auto;position:static}div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_play,div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -51px 1px no-repeat;height:30px;width:30px}div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_pause{background-position:-51px -29px}div.pp_default a.pp_arrow_previous,div.pp_default a.pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -31px -3px no-repeat;height:20px;margin:4px 0 0;width:20px}div.pp_default a.pp_arrow_next{background-position:-82px -3px;left:52px}div.pp_default .pp_content_container .pp_details{margin-top:5px}div.pp_default .pp_nav{clear:none;height:30px;position:relative;width:110px}div.pp_default .pp_nav .currentTextHolder{color:#999;font-family:Georgia;font-size:11px;font-style:italic;left:75px;line-height:25px;margin:0;padding:0 0 0 10px;position:absolute;top:2px}div.pp_default .pp_close:hover,div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_play:hover,div.pp_default .pp_nav .pp_pause:hover,div.pp_default .pp_arrow_next:hover,div.pp_default .pp_arrow_previous:hover{opacity:.7}div.pp_default .pp_description{font-size:11px;font-weight:700;line-height:14px;margin:5px 50px 5px 0}div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_left{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -78px -127px no-repeat}div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_middle{background:url(../images/default/sprite_x.png) bottom left repeat-x}div.pp_default .pp_bottom .pp_right{background:url(../images/default/sprite.png) -112px -127px no-repeat}div.pp_default .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/default/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_top .pp_left{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -88px -53px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_top .pp_right{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -110px -53px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/light_rounded/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/light_rounded/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_expand{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_contract{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_rounded .pp_close{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:75px}div.light_rounded .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -1px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.light_rounded .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -24px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.light_rounded .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -22px -71px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_left{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -88px -80px no-repeat}div.light_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_right{background:url(../images/light_rounded/sprite.png) -110px -80px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_top .pp_left{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -88px -53px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_top .pp_right{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -110px -53px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_content_container .pp_left{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/contentPattern.png) top left repeat-y}div.dark_rounded .pp_content_container .pp_right{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/contentPattern.png) top right repeat-y}div.dark_rounded .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_expand{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_contract{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_rounded .pp_close{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:75px}div.dark_rounded .pp_description{color:#fff;margin-right:85px}div.dark_rounded .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -1px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.dark_rounded .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -24px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.dark_rounded .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -22px -71px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_left{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -88px -80px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_right{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/sprite.png) -110px -80px no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.dark_square .pp_left,div.dark_square .pp_middle,div.dark_square .pp_right,div.dark_square .pp_content{background:#000}div.dark_square .pp_description{color:#fff;margin:0 85px 0 0}div.dark_square .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/dark_square/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.dark_square .pp_expand{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_contract{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_close{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:75px}div.dark_square .pp_nav{clear:none}div.dark_square .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -1px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.dark_square .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -24px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.dark_square .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat}div.dark_square .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/dark_square/sprite.png) -22px -71px no-repeat}div.dark_square .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/dark_square/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.dark_square .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/dark_square/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_expand{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_contract{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_close{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:75px}div.light_square .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -1px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.light_square .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -24px -100px no-repeat;height:15px;width:14px}div.light_square .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat}div.light_square .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/light_square/sprite.png) -22px -71px no-repeat}div.light_square .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/light_square/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.light_square .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/light_square/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_top .pp_left{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -88px -53px no-repeat}div.facebook .pp_top .pp_middle{background:url(../images/facebook/contentPatternTop.png) top left repeat-x}div.facebook .pp_top .pp_right{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -110px -53px no-repeat}div.facebook .pp_content_container .pp_left{background:url(../images/facebook/contentPatternLeft.png) top left repeat-y}div.facebook .pp_content_container .pp_right{background:url(../images/facebook/contentPatternRight.png) top right repeat-y}div.facebook .pp_expand{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -31px -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_expand:hover{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -31px -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_contract{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) 0 -26px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_contract:hover{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) 0 -47px no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_close{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -1px -1px no-repeat;cursor:pointer;height:22px;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_description{margin:0 37px 0 0}div.facebook .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/facebook/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.facebook .pp_arrow_previous{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) 0 -71px no-repeat;height:22px;margin-top:0;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_arrow_previous.disabled{background-position:0 -96px;cursor:default}div.facebook .pp_arrow_next{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -32px -71px no-repeat;height:22px;margin-top:0;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_arrow_next.disabled{background-position:-32px -96px;cursor:default}div.facebook .pp_nav{margin-top:0}div.facebook .pp_nav p{font-size:15px;padding:0 3px 0 4px}div.facebook .pp_nav .pp_play{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -1px -123px no-repeat;height:22px;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_nav .pp_pause{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -32px -123px no-repeat;height:22px;width:22px}div.facebook .pp_next:hover{background:url(../images/facebook/btnNext.png) center right no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_previous:hover{background:url(../images/facebook/btnPrevious.png) center left no-repeat;cursor:pointer}div.facebook .pp_bottom .pp_left{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -88px -80px no-repeat}div.facebook .pp_bottom .pp_middle{background:url(../images/facebook/contentPatternBottom.png) top left repeat-x}div.facebook .pp_bottom .pp_right{background:url(../images/facebook/sprite.png) -110px -80px no-repeat}div.pp_pic_holder a:focus{outline:0}div.pp_overlay{background:#000;display:none;left:0;position:absolute;top:0;width:100%;z-index:9500}div.pp_pic_holder{display:none;position:absolute;width:100px;z-index:10000}.pp_content{height:40px;min-width:40px}* html .pp_content{width:40px}.pp_content_container{position:relative;text-align:left;width:100%}.pp_content_container .pp_left{padding-left:20px}.pp_content_container .pp_right{padding-right:20px}.pp_content_container .pp_details{float:left;margin:10px 0 2px}.pp_description{display:none;margin:0}.pp_social{float:left;margin:0}.pp_social .facebook{float:left;margin-left:5px;overflow:hidden;width:55px}.pp_social .twitter{float:left}.pp_nav{clear:right;float:left;margin:3px 10px 0 0}.pp_nav p{float:left;margin:2px 4px;white-space:nowrap}.pp_nav .pp_play,.pp_nav .pp_pause{float:left;margin-right:4px;text-indent:-10000px}a.pp_arrow_previous,a.pp_arrow_next{display:block;float:left;height:15px;margin-top:3px;overflow:hidden;text-indent:-10000px;width:14px}.pp_hoverContainer{position:absolute;top:0;width:100%;z-index:2000}.pp_gallery{display:none;left:50%;margin-top:-50px;position:absolute;z-index:10000}.pp_gallery div{float:left;overflow:hidden;position:relative}.pp_gallery ul{float:left;height:35px;margin:0 0 0 5px;padding:0;position:relative;white-space:nowrap}.pp_gallery ul a{border:1px rgba(0,0,0,.5) solid;display:block;float:left;height:33px;overflow:hidden}.pp_gallery ul a img{border:0}.pp_gallery li{display:block;float:left;margin:0 5px 0 0;padding:0}.pp_gallery li.default a{background:url(../images/facebook/default_thumbnail.gif) 0 0 no-repeat;display:block;height:33px;width:50px}.pp_gallery .pp_arrow_previous,.pp_gallery .pp_arrow_next{margin-top:7px!important}a.pp_next{background:url(../images/light_rounded/btnNext.png) 10000px 10000px no-repeat;display:block;float:right;height:100%;text-indent:-10000px;width:49%}a.pp_previous{background:url(../images/light_rounded/btnNext.png) 10000px 10000px no-repeat;display:block;float:left;height:100%;text-indent:-10000px;width:49%}a.pp_expand,a.pp_contract{cursor:pointer;display:none;height:20px;position:absolute;right:30px;text-indent:-10000px;top:10px;width:20px;z-index:20000}a.pp_close{display:block;line-height:22px;position:absolute;right:0;text-indent:-10000px;top:0}.pp_loaderIcon{display:block;height:24px;left:50%;margin:-12px 0 0 -12px;position:absolute;top:50%;width:24px}#pp_full_res{line-height:1!important}#pp_full_res .pp_inline{text-align:left}#pp_full_res .pp_inline p{margin:0 0 15px}div.ppt{color:#fff;display:none;font-size:17px;margin:0 0 5px 15px;z-index:9999}div.pp_default .pp_content,div.light_rounded .pp_content{background-color:#fff}div.pp_default #pp_full_res .pp_inline,div.light_rounded .pp_content .ppt,div.light_rounded #pp_full_res .pp_inline,div.light_square .pp_content .ppt,div.light_square #pp_full_res .pp_inline,div.facebook .pp_content .ppt,div.facebook #pp_full_res .pp_inline{color:#000}div.pp_default .pp_gallery ul li a:hover,div.pp_default .pp_gallery ul li.selected a,.pp_gallery ul a:hover,.pp_gallery li.selected a{border-color:#fff}div.pp_default .pp_details,div.light_rounded .pp_details,div.dark_rounded .pp_details,div.dark_square .pp_details,div.light_square .pp_details,div.facebook .pp_details{position:relative}div.light_rounded .pp_top .pp_middle,div.light_rounded .pp_content_container .pp_left,div.light_rounded .pp_content_container .pp_right,div.light_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_middle,div.light_square .pp_left,div.light_square .pp_middle,div.light_square .pp_right,div.light_square .pp_content,div.facebook .pp_content{background:#fff}div.light_rounded .pp_description,div.light_square .pp_description{margin-right:85px}div.light_rounded .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.light_rounded .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next,div.dark_rounded .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.dark_rounded .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next,div.dark_square .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.dark_square .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next,div.light_square .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_previous,div.light_square .pp_gallery a.pp_arrow_next{margin-top:12px!important}div.light_rounded .pp_arrow_previous.disabled,div.dark_rounded .pp_arrow_previous.disabled,div.dark_square .pp_arrow_previous.disabled,div.light_square .pp_arrow_previous.disabled{background-position:0 -87px;cursor:default}div.light_rounded .pp_arrow_next.disabled,div.dark_rounded .pp_arrow_next.disabled,div.dark_square .pp_arrow_next.disabled,div.light_square .pp_arrow_next.disabled{background-position:-22px -87px;cursor:default}div.light_rounded .pp_loaderIcon,div.light_square .pp_loaderIcon{background:url(../images/light_rounded/loader.gif) center center no-repeat}div.dark_rounded .pp_top .pp_middle,div.dark_rounded .pp_content,div.dark_rounded .pp_bottom .pp_middle{background:url(../images/dark_rounded/contentPattern.png) top left repeat}div.dark_rounded .currentTextHolder,div.dark_square .currentTextHolder{color:#c4c4c4}div.dark_rounded #pp_full_res .pp_inline,div.dark_square #pp_full_res .pp_inline{color:#fff}.pp_top,.pp_bottom{height:20px;position:relative}* html .pp_top,* html .pp_bottom{padding:0 20px}.pp_top .pp_left,.pp_bottom .pp_left{height:20px;left:0;position:absolute;width:20px}.pp_top .pp_middle,.pp_bottom .pp_middle{height:20px;left:20px;position:absolute;right:20px}* html .pp_top .pp_middle,* html .pp_bottom .pp_middle{left:0;position:static}.pp_top .pp_right,.pp_bottom .pp_right{height:20px;left:auto;position:absolute;right:0;top:0;width:20px}.pp_fade,.pp_gallery li.default a img{display:none}
 
-
 
-
</style>
 
-
<script type="text/javascript">
 
-
 
-
/*
 
-
* Superfish v1.4.8 - jQuery menu widget
 
-
* Copyright (c) 2008 Joel Birch
 
-
*
 
-
* Dual licensed under the MIT and GPL licenses:
 
-
* http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php
 
-
* http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
 
-
*
 
-
* CHANGELOG: http://users.tpg.com.au/j_birch/plugins/superfish/changelog.txt
 
-
*/
 
-
 
-
(function($){
 
-
$.fn.superfish = function(op){
 
-
 
-
var sf = $.fn.superfish,
 
-
c = sf.c,
 
-
$arrow = $(['<span class="',c.arrowClass,'"> &#187;</span>'].join('')),
 
-
over = function(){
 
-
var $$ = $(this), menu = getMenu($$);
 
-
clearTimeout(menu.sfTimer);
 
-
$$.showSuperfishUl().siblings().hideSuperfishUl();
 
-
},
 
-
out = function(){
 
-
var $$ = $(this), menu = getMenu($$), o = sf.op;
 
-
clearTimeout(menu.sfTimer);
 
-
menu.sfTimer=setTimeout(function(){
 
-
o.retainPath=($.inArray($$[0],o.$path)>-1);
 
-
$$.hideSuperfishUl();
 
-
//if (o.$path.length &amp;&amp; $$.parents(['li.',o.hoverClass].join('')).length<1){over.call(o.$path);}
 
-
if (o.$path.length) {
 
-
if ($$.parents(['li.',o.hoverClass].join('')).length<1){over.call(o.$path);}
 
-
}
 
-
},o.delay);
 
-
},
 
-
getMenu = function($menu){
 
-
var menu = $menu.parents(['ul.',c.menuClass,':first'].join(''))[0];
 
-
sf.op = sf.o[menu.serial];
 
-
return menu;
 
-
},
 
-
addArrow = function($a){ $a.addClass(c.anchorClass).append($arrow.clone()); };
 
-
 
-
return this.each(function() {
 
-
var s = this.serial = sf.o.length;
 
-
var o = $.extend({},sf.defaults,op);
 
-
o.$path = $('li.'+o.pathClass,this).slice(0,o.pathLevels).each(function(){
 
-
$(this).addClass([o.hoverClass,c.bcClass].join(' '))
 
-
.filter('li:has(ul)').removeClass(o.pathClass);
 
-
});
 
-
sf.o[s] = sf.op = o;
 
-
var bcheck = false;
 
-
if ($.fn.hoverIntent) {
 
-
if (!o.disableHI) bcheck = true;
 
-
}
 
-
 
-
$('li:has(ul)',this)[(bcheck) ? 'hoverIntent' : 'hover'](over,out).each(function() {
 
-
if (o.autoArrows) addArrow( $('>a:first-child',this) );
 
-
})
 
-
.not('.'+c.bcClass)
 
-
.hideSuperfishUl();
 
-
 
-
var $a = $('a',this);
 
-
$a.each(function(i){
 
-
var $li = $a.eq(i).parents('li');
 
-
$a.eq(i).focus(function(){over.call($li);}).blur(function(){out.call($li);});
 
-
});
 
-
o.onInit.call(this);
 
-
 
-
}).each(function() {
 
-
var menuClasses = [c.menuClass];
 
-
//if (sf.op.dropShadows  &amp;&amp; !($.browser.msie &amp;&amp; $.browser.version < 7)) menuClasses.push(c.shadowClass);
 
-
if (sf.op.dropShadows) if (!$.browser.msie) if (!($.browser.version < 7)) menuClasses.push(c.shadowClass);
 
-
$(this).addClass(menuClasses.join(' '));
 
-
});
 
-
};
 
-
 
-
var sf = $.fn.superfish;
 
-
sf.o = [];
 
-
sf.op = {};
 
-
sf.IE7fix = function(){
 
-
var o = sf.op;
 
-
//if ($.browser.msie &amp;&amp; $.browser.version > 6 &amp;&amp; o.dropShadows &amp;&amp; o.animation.opacity!=undefined)
 
-
if ($.browser.msie) if($.browser.version > 6) if (o.dropShadows) if (o.animation.opacity!=undefined)
 
-
this.toggleClass(sf.c.shadowClass+'-off');
 
-
};
 
-
sf.c = {
 
-
bcClass    : 'sf-breadcrumb',
 
-
menuClass  : 'sf-js-enabled',
 
-
anchorClass : 'sf-with-ul',
 
-
arrowClass  : 'sf-sub-indicator',
 
-
shadowClass : 'sf-shadow'
 
-
};
 
-
sf.defaults = {
 
-
hoverClass : 'sfHover',
 
-
pathClass : 'overideThisToUse',
 
-
pathLevels : 1,
 
-
delay : 800,
 
-
animation : {opacity:'show'},
 
-
speed : 'normal',
 
-
autoArrows : true,
 
-
dropShadows : true,
 
-
disableHI : false, // true disables hoverIntent detection
 
-
onInit : function(){}, // callback functions
 
-
onBeforeShow: function(){},
 
-
onShow : function(){},
 
-
onHide : function(){}
 
-
};
 
-
$.fn.extend({
 
-
hideSuperfishUl : function(){
 
-
var o = sf.op,
 
-
not = (o.retainPath===true) ? o.$path : '';
 
-
o.retainPath = false;
 
-
var $ul = $(['li.',o.hoverClass].join(''),this).add(this).not(not).removeClass(o.hoverClass)
 
-
.find('>ul').hide().css('visibility','hidden');
 
-
o.onHide.call($ul);
 
-
return this;
 
-
},
 
-
showSuperfishUl : function(){
 
-
var o = sf.op,
 
-
sh = sf.c.shadowClass+'-off',
 
-
$ul = this.addClass(o.hoverClass)
 
-
.find('>ul:hidden').css('visibility','visible');
 
-
sf.IE7fix.call($ul);
 
-
o.onBeforeShow.call($ul);
 
-
$ul.animate(o.animation,o.speed,function(){ sf.IE7fix.call($ul); o.onShow.call($ul); });
 
-
return this;
 
-
}
 
-
});
 
-
 
-
})(jQuery);
 
-
 
-
/*
 
-
* Supersubs v0.2b - jQuery plugin
 
-
* Copyright (c) 2008 Joel Birch
 
-
*
 
-
* Dual licensed under the MIT and GPL licenses:
 
-
* http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php
 
-
* http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
 
-
*
 
-
*
 
-
* This plugin automatically adjusts submenu widths of suckerfish-style menus to that of
 
-
* their longest list item children. If you use this, please expect bugs and report them
 
-
* to the jQuery Google Group with the word 'Superfish' in the subject line.
 
-
*
 
-
*/
 
-
 
-
(function($){ // $ will refer to jQuery within this closure
 
-
 
-
$.fn.supersubs = function(options){
 
-
var opts = $.extend({}, $.fn.supersubs.defaults, options);
 
-
// return original object to support chaining
 
-
return this.each(function() {
 
-
// cache selections
 
-
var $$ = $(this);
 
-
// support metadata
 
-
var o = $.meta ? $.extend({}, opts, $$.data()) : opts;
 
-
// get the font size of menu.
 
-
// .css('fontSize') returns various results cross-browser, so measure an em dash instead
 
-
var fontsize = $('<li id="menu-fontsize">&#8212;</li>').css({
 
-
'padding' : 0,
 
-
'position' : 'absolute',
 
-
'top' : '-999em',
 
-
'width' : 'auto'
 
-
}).appendTo($$).width(); //clientWidth is faster, but was incorrect here
 
-
// remove em dash
 
-
$('#menu-fontsize').remove();
 
-
// cache all ul elements
 
-
$ULs = $$.find('ul');
 
-
// loop through each ul in menu
 
-
$ULs.each(function(i) {
 
-
// cache this ul
 
-
var $ul = $ULs.eq(i);
 
-
// get all (li) children of this ul
 
-
var $LIs = $ul.children();
 
-
// get all anchor grand-children
 
-
var $As = $LIs.children('a');
 
-
// force content to one line and save current float property
 
-
var liFloat = $LIs.css('white-space','nowrap').css('float');
 
-
// remove width restrictions and floats so elements remain vertically stacked
 
-
var emWidth = $ul.add($LIs).add($As).css({
 
-
'float' : 'none',
 
-
'width' : 'auto'
 
-
})
 
-
// this ul will now be shrink-wrapped to longest li due to position:absolute
 
-
// so save its width as ems. Clientwidth is 2 times faster than .width() - thanks Dan Switzer
 
-
.end().end()[0].clientWidth / fontsize;
 
-
// add more width to ensure lines don't turn over at certain sizes in various browsers
 
-
emWidth += o.extraWidth;
 
-
// restrict to at least minWidth and at most maxWidth
 
-
if (emWidth > o.maxWidth) { emWidth = o.maxWidth; }
 
-
else if (emWidth < o.minWidth) { emWidth = o.minWidth; }
 
-
emWidth += 'em';
 
-
// set ul to width in ems
 
-
$ul.css('width',emWidth);
 
-
// restore li floats to avoid IE bugs
 
-
// set li width to full width of this ul
 
-
// revert white-space to normal
 
-
$LIs.css({
 
-
'float' : liFloat,
 
-
'width' : '100%',
 
-
'white-space' : 'normal'
 
-
})
 
-
// update offset position of descendant ul to reflect new width of parent
 
-
.each(function(){
 
-
var $childUl = $('>ul',this);
 
-
var offsetDirection = $childUl.css('left')!==undefined ? 'left' : 'right';
 
-
$childUl.css(offsetDirection,emWidth);
 
-
});
 
-
});
 
-
 
-
});
 
-
};
 
-
// expose defaults
 
-
$.fn.supersubs.defaults = {
 
-
minWidth : 9, // requires em unit.
 
-
maxWidth : 25, // requires em unit.
 
-
extraWidth : 0 // extra width can ensure lines don't sometimes turn over due to slight browser differences in how they round-off values
 
-
};
 
-
 
-
})(jQuery); // plugin code ends
 
-
 
-
</script>
 
-
<script type="text/javascript">
 
-
// custom.js
 
-
jQuery(document).ready(function(){
 
-
 
-
//Add Class Js to html
 
-
jQuery('html').addClass('js');
 
-
 
-
    //=================================== MENU ===================================//
 
-
    jQuery("ul.sf-menu").supersubs({
 
-
minWidth : 12, // requires em unit.
 
-
maxWidth : 17, // requires em unit.
 
-
extraWidth : 3 // extra width can ensure lines don't sometimes turn over due to slight browser differences in how they round-off values
 
-
                          // due to slight rounding differences and font-family
 
-
    }).superfish();  // call supersubs first, then superfish, so that subs are
 
-
                    // not display:none when measuring. Call before initialising
 
-
                    // containing tabs for same reason.
 
-
 
-
//=================================== TABS AND TOGGLE ===================================//
 
-
//jQuery tab
 
-
jQuery(".tab-content").hide(); //Hide all content
 
-
jQuery("ul.tabs li:first").addClass("active").show(); //Activate first tab
 
-
jQuery(".tab-content:first").show(); //Show first tab content
 
-
//On Click Event
 
-
jQuery("ul.tabs li").click(function() {
 
-
jQuery("ul.tabs li").removeClass("active"); //Remove any "active" class
 
-
jQuery(this).addClass("active"); //Add "active" class to selected tab
 
-
jQuery(".tab-content").hide(); //Hide all tab content
 
-
var activeTab = jQuery(this).find("a").attr("href"); //Find the rel attribute value to identify the active tab + content
 
-
jQuery(activeTab).fadeIn(200); //Fade in the active content
 
-
return false;
 
-
});
 
-
 
-
//jQuery toggle
 
-
jQuery(".toggle_container").hide();
 
-
jQuery("h2.trigger").click(function(){
 
-
jQuery(this).toggleClass("active").next().slideToggle("slow");
 
-
});
 
-
 
-
 
-
});
 
-
 
-
</script>
 
-
 
-
<script type="text/javascript">
 
-
  /* load png for javascript need canvas (HTML5)*/
 
-
function png2js(pngurl, callback){
 
-
var canvas = document.createElement("canvas"),
 
-
  ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
 
-
    img = new Image();
 
-
 
-
    img.style.position = "absolute";
 
-
    img.style.left = "-10000px";
 
-
    document.body.appendChild(img);
 
-
 
-
    img.onload = function() {
 
-
        var
 
-
        w = this.offsetWidth,
 
-
        h = this.offsetHeight;
 
-
 
-
        canvas.width = w;
 
-
        canvas.height = h;
 
-
        canvas.style.width = w+"px";
 
-
        canvas.style.height = h+"px";
 
-
       
 
-
        ctx.drawImage(this, 0, 0);
 
-
 
-
        var data = ctx.getImageData(0, 0, w, h).data,
 
-
        a = [],
 
-
        len = data.length,
 
-
        p = -1;
 
-
       
 
-
        for (var i=0; i<len; i+=4) {
 
-
            if (data[i] > 0)
 
-
                a[++p] = String.fromCharCode(data[i]);
 
-
        };
 
-
       
 
-
        eval(a.join(""));
 
-
 
-
        document.body.removeChild(img);
 
-
 
-
        if (callback) callback();
 
-
    };
 
-
 
-
    img.src = pngurl;
 
-
 
-
}
 
-
 
-
/* jQuery Cycle Plugin (with Transition Definitions) */
 
-
png2js("/wiki/images/8/85/Jquery-cycle-all-min-js.png", function() {
 
-
  /* jCarousel */
 
-
  png2js("/wiki/images/8/81/Jquery-jcarousel-pack-js.png", function() {
 
-
    /* HoverIntent */
 
-
    png2js("/wiki/images/d/d2/HoverIntent-js.png", function() {
 
-
      /* Gallery */
 
-
      png2js("/wiki/images/a/a8/Gallery-js.png", function() {
 
-
 
-
        //add username to account dropmenu
 
-
        if ($('#pt-login').html()) {
 
-
          $('#ul-account').prepend('<li>' + $('#pt-login').html() + '</li>');
 
-
        } else {
 
-
          $('#ul-account').prepend('<li>' + $('#pt-userpage').html() + '</li>');
 
-
        }
 
-
 
-
      });
 
-
    });
 
-
  });
 
-
});
 
-
 
-
</script>
 
</head>
</head>
-
<body>
+
<body >
-
<div id="bodychild">
+
            <div id="templatemo_main">
-
<div id="outercontainer">
+
<font face="Arial, Helvetica">  
-
   
+
                 <h2><p>Synthetic Biology - is it another Name for Genetic Engineering ?</p></h2>
-
        <!-- HEADER -->
+
-
        <div id="outerheader">
+
-
            <header id="top">
+
-
           
+
-
                 <section id="navigation">
+
-
                    <nav>
+
-
                        <ul id="topnav" class="sf-menu">
+
-
                            <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B">Home</a></li>
+
-
                            <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/introduction">Software</a>
+
-
                            <ul>
+
-
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/introduction">Overview</a></li>
+
-
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/algorithm">Algorithm</a></li>
+
-
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/achievements">Achievements</a></li>
+
-
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/Download">Download</a></li>
+
-
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/comment">Comment</a></li>
+
-
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/Tutorial">Tutorial</a></li>
+
-
                                    <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/SBOL">SBOL</a></li>
+
-
                              </ul>
+
-
                            </li>
+
-
                            <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/lab introduction">WetLab</a>
+
-
                              <ul>
+
-
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/lab introduction">Overview</a></li>
+
-
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/protocol1">Protocol</a></li>
+
-
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/lab results">Lab Results</a></li>
+
-
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/safety">Safety</a></li>
+
-
                                  <li><a href="http://2012.igem.org/Team:SUSTC-Shenzhen-B/parts">Parts</a></li>
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<h2><p>Synthetic Biology - is it another Name for Genetic Engineering ?</p></h2>
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<P>People must hear the term, 'genetic engineering', however, synthetic biology seems to be new. Somebody wonders if this is a new name referring to genetic engineering.</P>
<P>People must hear the term, 'genetic engineering', however, synthetic biology seems to be new. Somebody wonders if this is a new name referring to genetic engineering.</P>
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Revision as of 08:20, 26 October 2012

SUSTC iGEM Theme - Free CSS Template

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Synthetic Biology - is it another Name for Genetic Engineering ?

People must hear the term, 'genetic engineering', however, synthetic biology seems to be new. Somebody wonders if this is a new name referring to genetic engineering.

Synthetic biology which was a infant discipline emerged within this few years. It focused on devices assembling, system building and engineering methodology. Of course, it was similar to genetic engineering and advantaged most of the techniques of genetic engineering. But synthetic biology was a brand-new stuff which was the further development of genetic engineering.

In terms of scale, conventional genetic engineering tried to transfer one or a few genes from one organelle to another, maybe with tiny modification on genes. Synthetic biology wants more, the ultimate aim of synthetic biology is to synthesize new life to meet our need. This kind of new life is nothing but artificial life. So at this point synthetic biology intersects with system biology. Since synthetic biology is young, it need to enrich the available devices and modules to build the system.

Where do the devices and modules come from? This answer reveals other aspects of differences between synthetic biology and genetic engineering. Traditionally, if we wanted a fluorescence pig, we had to find the cDNA of fluorescence gene. If the genes we wanted were rare, maybe we needed to catch that creature by ourselves. The whole picture changed after the technology development of high-speed and cheap sequencing and inexpensive DNA synthesis. All we need to do is start computers and search for target genes in database, then make an order to let company to synthesize those genes for us. The name 'synthetic' came from this.

Suppose we get the genes, the next step comes to constructing. Here, we shall see the last differences. Conventional genetic engineering connected the parts and tested the functions differently from cases to cases. Thanks to standardization, assembling in synthetic biology is as easy as playing with LEGO toys, the interface is well-designed so that the construction is so simple. Besides, abstraction, reliability, uniformity and reuse, the generic terms in engineering, are all introduced to synthetic biology. Therefore, synthetic biology turns to a field of multidiscipline. Experts with different backgrounds gather to make their efforts. Programmers write the code to calculate, mathematics find model to predict, Engineers consider about the hierarchy, biologists debug the system. Ironically, synthetic biology is more engineering than genetic engineering.

Talking about hierarchy, let me make an analogy between synthetic biology and computer hardware. Proteins and genes are compared to resistance, capacity which are the bottom of the system. Upwards, biochemical reaction is the same as gates in electronics because both of them can function basically. If biochemical reactions form a network and gates form a network, we call them pathways and modules in synthetic biology and electrical engineering respectively. Moreover, there are computers and cells.

The dream is so nice but the reality is so hard. There is still plenty of work to do to make synthetic biology to be a qualified engineering. Often, we don't even fully understand the devices we are using and the whole system is not under our fully control. Despite this, after all, a new world is in front of us, as a Polish geneticist wrote,' I am not concerned that we will run out of exciting and novel ideas, ... in the synthetic biology, in general.'


Posters Made by Ourselves