# Team:NTNU Trondheim/Yeast

NTNU IS B.A.C.K.
Bacterial Anti-Cancer-Kamikaze

Collaboration with RHiT; Yeast modelling

Figure 1. Amount of activated Ste12 at steady state as a response to alpha concentrations. Error bars show one standard deviation.

Our part of the collaboration with RHiT was helping them with stochastic modelling of the trigger system for mating in yeast. The full mechanism has been quite well studied, but it is very complicated[1]. In RHiTs model, the final steps of the mechanism is activation of the Ste12 protein by the Fus3 enzyme. To simplify the model, production of Fus3 in the model was described by a sigmoid curve found in experiments[2] with respect to the concentration of alpha pheromone. Inactive Ste12 was quickly activated by the presence of Fus3, so the outcome of active Ste12 followed a similar sigmoid curve, giving the expected switch behaviour. The resulting plot is shown in Figure 1. Each point is the average of 100 trajectories with the error bars indicating one standard deviation.

The equations used in the model are given in the table below. The parameters are taken from[1] and are modelled using mass action solvers, except Fus3 → Fus3PP, which use a sigmoid function. Timesteps in the model are minutes.

Reaction Propensity Comment
Fus3 → Fus3PP * Activation of Fus3
Fus3PP → Fus3 150 Deactivation of Fus3

* The function for Fus3 activation is given by $\alpha$