Revision as of 01:44, 4 October 2012 by Emily Hicks (Talk | contribs)

Hello! iGEM Calgary's wiki functions best with Javascript enabled, especially for mobile devices. We recommend that you enable Javascript on your device for the best wiki-viewing experience. Thanks!

Detect and Destroy: Data Page

Figure 1. The Calgary team has developed a dual system for the detection of toxic components in tailing ponds as well as the remediation of these compounds. Tailing ponds are large bodies of water containing waste products produced from the extraction of bitumen in the oil sands. Our biosensor involved the identification of a toxin promoter through a transposon screen. An electrochemical detector was implemented with a multiple output system allowing for the detection of multiple compounds simultaneously. This promoter/detector system was then complemented with the production of a biosensor prototype involving both a physical device and a software program for easy data analysis. Rather than just sensing toxins in the tailings ponds, a major objective was to detoxify the tailings through the reduction of toxins such as carboxylic acids (mainly naphthenic acids) and catechol, turning them into usable hydrocarbons. Purification of these hydrocarbons would contribute an added economic and industrial benefit. In order to house this system, we also aimed to design a bioreactor for our bacteria as well as optimize product output through a flux-variability based model. Finally, in order to create higher quality hydrocarbons, we explored desulfurization and denitrogenation pathways to upgrade our fuel. To do this in a safe and environmentally sound way, we designed not only structural containment mechanisms, but also genetic containment mechanisms through novel inducible ribo-killswitches.

Characterization of new parts submitted to the Registry

  • (BBa_K902000) and (BBa_K902004, ): two novel hydrolase enzymes were submitted to the registry for the hydrolysis of two different sugar-conjugated electroactive compounds: PNPG and PDPG. Used in conjunction with the existing lacZ part in the registry (BBa_I732005) which hydrolyzes CPRG, this allows for the electrochemical detection of three compounds with a single electrode. A uidA inducible generator (BBa_k902002,) was submitted and characterized electrochemically. This data can be found on our Electroreporting page.

  • (BBa_K902008),(BBa_K902023) and (BBa_K902074): three novel riboswitches sensitive to magnesium, molybdate, and manganese were submitted along with two associated promoters (BBa_K902009) and BBa_K902073) in addition to a rhamnose inducible, glucose repressible promoter (BBa_K902065). One of these riboswitches (BBa_K902008) was tested with GFP and a constitutive promoter using this construct, (BBa_K902021), with its promoter and GFP using this construct (BBa_K902017) and with its promoter and the S7 kill gene using this construct (BBa_K902018). This data can be found on our killswitch Regulation page.

  • Genes for denitrogenation and desulfurization were biobricked and submitted. A novel oxioreductase part (BBa_K902058) was also submitted and characterized for use in the desulfurization project. This data can be found on our upgrading Desulfurization page.


Further characterization of parts already present within the registry

  • The IPTG inducible lacI regulated promoter (BBa_R0010) was tested electrochemically to demonstrate its leakiness when not used in conjunction with strong expression of regulatory elements. This data can be found on our Electroreporting page.

  • (BBa_K590025), the PetroBrick, submitted by the Washington team in 2011, was characterized for a novel function: the conversion of naphthenic acids and 2-hydroxymuconate- a catechol break-down product from from the xylE gene (BBa_J33204) into hydrocarbons. This data can be found on both the decarboxylation page and the Decatecholization page.

  • The output of (BBa_K590025) was also optimized thorugh a program we developed in MATLAB for the optimization of metabolic pathways in synthetic biology metabolic networks. The program allows you to build an artificial synthetic biology network in E. coli and predicts substrates that should be fed to the organism to increase production of the compound. This was characterized and validated in the wetlab with the Petrobrick. This data can be found on our Flux Analysis page.

  • An existing xylE gene in the registry (BBa_J33204) was constructed with a constitutive promoter instead of the glucose-repressible one that is available within the registry. This allows for increased output in media containing glucose, making it more suitable for a variety of applications such as our own. We validated the functionality of this part which can be found on our Catechol Degradation page.

Additional Work and Characterization

  • Developed and tested both hardware and software of for a biosensor using an electrochemical sensor. The software is available on our wiki as are the results fom the hardware. These are on our Device Prototype page

  • Characterized one of our constitutively expressed transposon clones to test the lacZ gene electrochemically. This data can be found on our Electroreporting page.

  • Submitted novel parts involved in decarboxylation and validated the functionality of an additional enzyme (oleT), capable of converting fatty acids into alkenes by itself. This was done in its host organism. This data can be found in our decarboxylation section, however this gene has not yet been submitted due to problems cloning it.

  • Designed and prototyped a physical bioreactor for which we obtained both qualitative and quantitative data for its functionality. This is outlined on our Bioreactor page.

  • Characterized the biodegradation of carbazole and various sulfur-containing compounds resembling naphthenic acids in the organisms from which we got our genes. This data can be found on our (Desulfurization) and (Denitrogenation)

  • Resubmitted (BBa_K26009) an inconsistent registry composite part that we had to construct from basic parts, resubmitting as the sequence-verified (BBa_K902016)